Learning Theory Lecture

Learning Theory Lecture - Lecture 9/24/10 9/29/10 Chapter 7...

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Lecture 9/24/10 – 9/29/10 Chapter 7 - Learning Theory Watson’s Extreme Environmentalism “Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own special world to bring them up in, and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to be any type of specialist I might select – doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief, and yes, beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, anilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors.” Important Definitions Learning – a relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience Behaviorism – an approach to psychology that emphasizes the study of observable behavior and the role of the environment as a determinant of behaviors Conditioning – the association between environmental stimuli and the organism’s responses Major Learning Theorists B.F. Skinner - developed operant conditioning, the skinner box John Watson - Father of Behaviorism Ivan Pavlov - developed classical conditioning Albert Bandura – developed Social Cognitive Approach, observational learning, self- efficacy Edward Thorndike – developed the Law of Effect (says the last thing that you do that has a positive effect, you will do again in exactly the same way) Classical Conditioning The process by which a previously neutral stimulus acquires a capacity to elicit a response through association with a stimulus that already elicits a similar response
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course PS 101 taught by Professor Hoffman during the Fall '07 term at BU.

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Learning Theory Lecture - Lecture 9/24/10 9/29/10 Chapter 7...

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