Personality Lecture

Personality Lecture - C hapter 14 Theories of Personality Overview Psychodynamic influences Genetic inf luences Environmental influences Cultural

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Chapter 14: Theories of Personality Overview Psychodynamic influences Genetic influences Environmental influences Cultural influences The inner experience Defining personality and traits Personality – distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behaviors, thoughts, motives, and emotions that characterizes a person throughout life Trait – a characteristic of an individual, describing a habitual way of behaving, thinking, and feeling Psychodynamic theories Theories that explain behavior and personality in terms of unconscious energy dynamics within the individual A person’s unconscious is timeless Developed by Sigmund Freud o Free association – talk about whatever is on their mind, not be concerned with judgment The structure of personality Id: operates according to the pleasure principle o Expresses s o Sexual and aggressive instincts o The id is present at birth Ego: operates according to the reality principle o Mediates between the desire of the id and demands of the superego o The ego emerges after birth with early formative experiences Superego: represents our conscience and the rules of society; follows internalized moral standards Defense mechanisms Used to help us with our anxiety, using them sometimes is fine o Repression – when you take something really traumatic and push it into your unconscious, ex. Physical or sexual abuse as a child, rape, death
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o Suppression – when you suppress a thought or feeling, you are aware of it but you don’t act on it, ex. when you have a stressful test or project, you suppress everything else for a while to get it done, when you’re on a diet you suppress an urge for fattening foods o Projection – the ego attributes personal shortcomings, problems, and
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course PS 101 taught by Professor Hoffman during the Fall '07 term at BU.

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Personality Lecture - C hapter 14 Theories of Personality Overview Psychodynamic influences Genetic inf luences Environmental influences Cultural

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