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Chapter 4 Notes

Chapter 4 Notes - Chapter 4 Civil Rights Racial Profiling...

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Chapter 4: Civil Rights Racial Profiling is identifying the suspects of a crime solely on the basis of their race or ethnicity Civil Rights are the powers or privileges that are conferred on citizens by the Constitution and the courts and that entitle them to make claims upon the government. Civil rights protect individuals from arbitrary or discriminatory treatment at the hands of the government. Civil Liberties are constitutional and legal protections from government interference with personal rights and freedoms such as freedom of assembly, speech and religion. Fugitive Slave Law was the 1850 law compelling northeners to honor southerners’ property claims to slaves, passed in return for the South’s agreeing to admit California as a free state (and hence lose its ability to block legislation on the senate) Black codes were laws enacted by southern legislatures after the Civil War that prevented former slaves from voting and holding certain jobs, among other prohibitions
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