Leadership - Leadership Leadership is the ability to...

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Leadership is the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals. Nonsanctioned leadership is the ability to influence that arises outside the formal structure of the organization; it is often as or more important than formal influence. Leaders challenge the status quo, create vision for the future, and inspire members to achieve. Managers formulate detailed plans, create efficient organizational structures and oversee day-to-day operations. Both are necessary for success TRADITIONAL THEORIES OF LEADERSHIP Trait Theories o Differentiate leaders from non-leaders by focusing on personal qualities and characteristics o Big Five Traits Behavioral Theories o Focused on observable behaviors, as opposed to underlying traits o Ohio State Studies Identify independent dimensions of leadership behavior narrowed into two dimensions. Initiating Structure the extent to which a leader is likely to define and structure his or her role and those of employees in the search for goal attainment Consideration the extent to which a person is likely to have job relationships that are characterized by mutual trust, respect for employee’s ideas and regard for their feelings o University of Michigan Studies Employee Oriented emphasize interpersonal relations; take a personal interest in the needs of their employees and accepted individual differences among members Production Oriented emphasize the technical or task aspects of their jobs; main concern is accomplishing each group’s tasks and the group members are a means to an end. Employee Oriented leaders were more successful. o Managerial Grid (Leadership Grid) based on the styles of concern for people and concern for production. Contingency Theories o Focus on situational influences on leadership effectiveness o Fiedler Model Proposes that effective group performance depends on the proper match between the leader’s style and the degree to which the situation gives control to the leader Least Preferred Coworker (LPC) Questionnaire claims to measure whether a person is task or relationship oriented. o
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course BADM 066 taught by Professor Bailey during the Spring '07 term at GWU.

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Leadership - Leadership Leadership is the ability to...

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