SciWritingConventions

SciWritingConventions - Scientific Writing to do science,...

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Scientific Writing … “to do science, one must also write science.’’ … “In scientific writing, there is no room for and no need for ornamentation….metaphors…similes… idiomatic expressions are very likely to cause confusion and should seldom be used in writing research papers.” Robert A. Day in “The Development of Research Writing.”
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Scientific Writing What is function/purpose of paper? Who is your audience? How is your work different from other reports on the same subject?
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Scientific Writing Scientific writing is NOT literary writing. Short declarative sentences are easiest For most everything, use passive voice and third person . Occasionally, can use active/1 st person if the meaning is clearer. Avoid contractions
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Tense Simple past tense for what was done . Present tense for statements of fact . Results, discussions, conclusions: either present or simple past tense
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Heat solutions to boiling. The solutions were heated to boiling. (correct) Absolute rate constants for a wide variety of reactions are available. (correct) Absolute rate constants for a wide variety of reactions were available.
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Capitalization (pp. 143-153, 155, 157) First letters of computer languages Perl, Java, Fortran First letter of names of programs (or as creator’s usage) ChemDraw, Microsoft Excel, Sigma Plot, Un-Plot-It, MULTAN78 First letter of trademarked items Pyrex, Tween, Teflon, Kleenex
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Capitalization Surnames as modifiers—Avogadro’s number, Boltzmann constant, Buchner funnel, Bronsted definition, Erlenmeyer flask, Petri dish Except: de Broglie, van der Waals, van’t Hoff Surnames as units of measure are lowercase kelvin, faraday, angstrom, pascal, ohm, joule
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Tricky Plurals, p. 128 Apparatus (singular and plural) Apparatuses Spectrum Spectra or spectrums Hypothesis Hypotheses Matrix Matrices (math) or matrixes (media) Formula Formulas or formulae Criterion Criteria or criterions
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Italics (pp153-155) Rarely are italics used in the body of the paper. Here are some examples though: Newly introduced word Title of periodical, book, newspaper Genus & species name (e.g. Streptoccus pneumoniae ) Genotypes and restriction endonucleases (e.g. pro AB + or Eco RI) To abbreviate molal, m
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Greek letters (p.155) When this is part of a chemical or physical term, use the symbol—do not spell out α helix β particle γ radiation
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Abbreviations and Acronyms Most journals have a list of approved abbreviations and acronyms. They will be different for a biochemistry journal vs. and organic chemistry or physical chemistry journal. For any not listed, and when in doubt, always spell it
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SciWritingConventions - Scientific Writing to do science,...

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