END OF LIFE ISSUES

END OF LIFE ISSUES - 2/5/11 ENDOFLIFEISSUES 2/5/11 Bouvia

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2/5/11 END OF LIFE ISSUES
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2/5/11 Bouvia Elizabeth Bouvia  (born c. 1958)
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2/5/11 Bouvia On September 3, 1983, Bouvia, at the age of 26,  admitted herself into the psychiatric ward of  Riverside General Hospital in Riverside,  California. She was almost totally paralysed by  cerebral palsy and had severe degenerative  arthritis, which caused her great pain. Bouvia was alienated from her family and  husband, and had been entertaining thoughts of  suicide. She requested hospital authorities to  allow her to starve to death. When they refused 
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2/5/11 Following the court case, a bitter dispute broke out  among physicians regarding the Bouvia case. Bouvia  tried to resist the force-feeding by biting through the  feeding tube. Four attendants would then hold her  down while the tubing was inserted into her nose and  liquids pumped into her stomach. Some physicians called this battery and torture while  others claimed that the hospital was right to err on  the side of continued life Bouvia appealed the lower court ruling and lost. Now,  in addition to the force-feeding, she was hooked up to  a morphine drip to ease the pain of her arthritis. 
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2/5/11 After the court case,  Bouvia decided that she  would live . In 1998, she appeared on  60  Minutes , saying that she was still in pain and  had felt great pressure to continue living; she  expressed the hope that she would soon die of  natural causes. She was still living in 2005.
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2/5/11 What is your definition of Death What happens when you die? Is death a painful experience? Do you believe in an existence beyond death?
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2/5/11 Uniform Determination of Death Act  (UDDA)   This is a draft state law that was approved for  the United States (US) in 1981 by the National  Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State  Laws, in cooperation with the American Medical  Association, the American Bar Association, and  the President's Commission on Medical Ethics.  The act has since been adopted by most US states  and is intended "to provide a comprehensive and  medically sound basis for determining death in  all situations"
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2/5/11 Determination of Death An individual who has sustained either (1)  irreversible cessation of circulatory and  respiratory functions, or (2) irreversible cessation  of all functions of the entire brain, including the  brain stem, is dead.  A determination of death must be made in  accordance with accepted medical standards.
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2/5/11 Brain Death Brain death  is the irreversible end of all brain  activity (including involuntary activity necessary  to sustain life) due to total necrosis of the 
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END OF LIFE ISSUES - 2/5/11 ENDOFLIFEISSUES 2/5/11 Bouvia

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