Hinduism-Buddhism1

Hinduism-Buddhism1 - • • • • • • Himalayas Mts/Tibetan Plateau Burmese Mtns/Forest Indus& Ganges Rivers Baluchistan& Thar Deserts

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Unformatted text preview: • • • • • • Himalayas Mts/Tibetan Plateau Burmese Mtns/Forest Indus & Ganges Rivers Baluchistan & Thar Deserts Deccan Plateau Indian Oean ASIA Geography & Population I ndus Valley C ivilization • Harappa • Mohenjo-Daro • Indus Valley Script • Kyber Pass & Aryan Invasion • Yoga H induism “Constellation of Traditions” H indu Religion 1) Matsya, the fish, • Brahman • boar 3) Varaha, theAtman • the half-man/half-lion 4) Narasimha, Brahma 5) Vamana, • Vishnu the dwarf 6) Parashurama, Rama with the axe • Avatars (Daśāvatāra) 7) Ramachandra, king of Ayodhya 8) Krishna all Shiva • attractive (Nataraja) 9) Buddha or Balarama. 10) Kalki • Yuga 2) Kurma, the tortoise Bhakti Krishna to Arjuna: "Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reactions. Do not fear". (Bhagavad Gita 18.66) • Vedas (Sanskrit): Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, Atharvaveda 10 mandalas 1. Samhita (Mantras) 2. Brahmanas 3. Aranyakas 4. Upanishads • Rita vs. Asuras • Samsara, Karma, Moksha, Dharma • CaturAshrama & Samnyasa V edic D ar k Ages J ainism • Vardhamana Mahavira (c. 540-468 BCE) • 5 Principles 1. Nonviolence 2. Truthfulness 3. Renunciation 4. Celibacy 5. Only Offerings B uddha • Siddhartha Guatama • 4 Signs of Misery • Yasa • Sangha (563-483 BCE) 4 N oble T r uths 1. All Life has suffering 2. All suffering is caused by desire 3. Desire is conquered by Nirvana 4. Nirvana is reached by the 8-fold path 8 – F old Path • • • • • • • • Right Thinking Right Ideas Right Speech Right Action Right Living Right Effort Right Consciousness Right Meditation B uddha • Parinirvana • Dharma Wheel • 8 Dhyana B uddha • Anatman • 5 Skandhas Form, Sensation, Perception, Mental formation, Consciousness • Karma • Rebirth - Gods - Titans - Animals - Humans - Ghosts - Hell Hindusim Soul? Yes, Atman=Brahman Moksha “release” Theravada Buddhism No. “Anatman” Five Skandhas Nirvana “Extinction” Yes. Yes. But NOT transmigration of soul Goal? Karma? Yes. Reincar Yes. Transmigration nation? of Soul (atman) E volution of Buddhism • Council of Rajagriha • Council of Vesali • Council of Pataliputra Pali Canon - Vinaya Pitaka - Sutta Pitaka = Tripitaka - Abhidhamma •Council Pitaka of Jalandhar - Heart, Lotus, Diamond Sutras - Shastras - Tantras - Vinaya Th er av ad a • Council of Sri Lanka M ha a na ya E volution of Buddhism • T her a va da “ Teachi ng of the el der s” • • • • • • Southeast Asi a, Sr i L anka • M a ha ya na V ehi cl e” “ Gr eater • H i nayana “L esser Vehi cl e” • Or thodox -Ei ght Fol d Paths • M onasti c / Sangha • Ar hant • Tr i pi taka “Thr ee Baskets” • Secr et teachi ngs Numer ous Sutr as Buddha = God Bodhi sattvas Ver y Di ver se East Asi a E volution of Buddhism • Vajrayana (Tibetan) • Tulku Lamas • Zen • Pureland C lassical I ndia • Alexander the Great • Gandhara • Mauryan Dynasty (325-185 BCE) • Ashoka (269-232 BCE) • Epics – Ramayana & Mahabharata • Bhagavad-Gita – Krishna & Arjuna C aste Varnas Jati Br ahmi n System Kshatr i ja L aw s of M anu Vai shya Shudr a Dalit “Untouchables” C lassical I ndia • Gupta Dynasty (300-480 CE) • Buddhist Suppression • Delhi Sultanate (1206) & Mughals ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2011 for the course HIST 2206 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Kennesaw.

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