This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: March 17th
Outline Towards an outline Please,
Sign up for the conference next week … Sign conference Notice the place (my office) and the material material you need to bring and make sure you remember the time you signed up for. time M ind Teaser
"The enemy of my enemy is my friend." If "The this statement is true, is it possible to be your own enemy? your Response No; if you are friends with all your enemy’s enemies, and you are one of them, you must be your own friend. OR • I am your enemy • Who is your enemy? I am. • If my enemy’s enemy is me and the statement says that s/he is my friend, then I cannot be my own enemy. An OUTLI NE
Is a series of statements summarizing the important points of a text. * Shows PATTERNS OF RELATIONSHIPS between & among ideas. * Groups ideas in HIERARCHICAL ORDER. OUTLI NE
Why create an outline? • Aids in the process of writing • Helps you organize your ideas • Presents your material in a logical form • Shows the relationships among ideas in your writing • Constructs an ordered overview of your writing • Defines boundaries and groups PATTERNS OF RELATIONSHIPS
• • • • • • • • • • cause and effect process chronology logical relationships comparison and contrast division and classification theory/practice pros/cons three or more reasons concession and/or counterargument ►►► name two or three patterns that you Again: might use in your paper and identify the predominant one cause and effect; process; chronology; logical relationships; comparison and contrast; division and classification; theory/practice; pros/cons; three or more reasons; concession and/or counterargument. How do I create an outline? • Determine the purpose of your paper. • Determine the audience you are writing for. • Develop the thesis of your paper. (Towards an Outline – in a moment) Then:
• Brainstorm: List all the ideas that you want to include in your paper. • Organize: Group related ideas together. • Order: Arrange material in subsections from general to specific or from abstract to concrete. • Label: Create main and sub headings. (Point 6. in Towards an Outline) There are different types of outlines
A) INFORMAL → scratch outline → word outline A) FORMAL FORMAL → SENTENCE OUTLINE → TOPIC OUTLINE A) OURS → TOWARDS an OUTLINE → SENTENCE/TOPIC combined (see sample) → REVERSE OUTLINE SENTENCE/TOPIC combined:
Alphanumeric Outline This is the most common type of outline and usually instantly recognizable to most people. The formatting follows these characters, in this order: • Roman Numerals (I., II., III.) • Capitalized Letters (A., B.) • Arabic Numerals (1., 2.) • Lowercase Letters (a., b.) Look at the sample please
THESIS: a full sentence I. a full sentence A. a sentence or a phrase 1. a phrase 2. a phrase B. a sentence or a phrase 1. a phrase 2. a phrase II. A full sentence … FOUR SUGGESTIONS TO CREATE AN EFFECTIVE OUTLINE 1) Parallelism How do I accomplish this? Each heading and subheading should preserve parallel structure. If the first heading is a verb, the second heading should be a verb. Example: I. Choose Desired Colleges II. Prepare Application ("Choose" and "Prepare" are both verbs. The present tense of the verb is usually the preferred form for an outline) FOUR SUGGESTIONS TO CREATE AN EFFECTIVE OUTLINE
2) Coordination How do I accomplish this? All the information contained in Heading 1 should have the same significance as the information contained in Heading 2. The same goes for the subheadings (which should be less significant than the headings). Example: I. Visit and evaluate college campuses II.Visit and evaluate college websites (Campus and websites visits are equally significant. They are part of the main tasks you would need to do. Finding statistics and classes found on college websites are parts of the process involved in carrying out the main heading topics.) FOUR SUGGESTIONS TO CREATE AN EFFECTIVE OUTLINE
3) Subordination How do I accomplish this? The information in the headings should be more general, while the information in the subheadings should be more specific. Example: I. Describe an influential person in your life (A favorite teacher and grandparent are specific examples from the generalized category of influential people in your life.) A. Favorite high school teacher B. Grandparent FOUR SUGGESTIONS TO CREATE AN EFFECTIVE OUTLINE
4) Division How do I accomplish this? Each heading should be divided into 2 or more parts. Example: I. Compile resume (The heading "Compile resume" is divided into 3 parts.) Technically, there is no limit to the number of subdivisions for your headings; however, if you seem to have a lot, it may be useful to see if some of the parts can be combined. B. List relevant coursework C. List work experience D. List volunteer experience Inclass writing of TOWARDS AN OUTLINE Today’s in-class writing will constitute a first draft. first At home: type it and complete it. You will type bring it to out conference next week. bring NEXT
CAUSE AND EFFECT… (See syllabus) PREPARATION NOTES = CANCELLED SUBMIT ALL MATERIAL YOU OWE ME PLEASE SUBMIT PLEASE BYE!! ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Kimmet during the Spring '07 term at George Mason.
- Spring '07