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Unformatted text preview: WEDNESDAY, March WEDNESDAY, March st 31
Process Analysis Recommendations: Recommendations:
As I develop this presentation, think about : 1. your own paper and how these types of analyses can/could help you develop your arguments. 2. examples of the patterns in the disciplines of your major. ANALYSI S ANALYSI
To analyze is to break something down into its parts to understand how it works, what it means, and/or why it might be significant. Analysis requires rigorous logical and detailed scrutiny of the object of analysis. Types of analyses: T ypes
Division and Classification Cause and Effect Theory/Principle Process Analysis Compare & Contrast CLASSIFYING: grouping items or information according to their characteristics and a principle of classification. Set up categories & note items in each. DIVIDING: breaking down a single entity into its parts. Describe, exemplify, define, and explain items. Division and Division and Classification CAUSE and EFFECT analysis Consider your purpose and audience Report multiple causes & effects Identify surface and underlying causes & effects Identify immediate and remote causes &/or effects Prove that something is a cause or an effect Process analysis Process
Any writing that explains how something is made or done by dividing it into its components steps. Purposes: To explain To prove something about the process or to evaluate it Process analysis Process
DIRECTIONAL / DIRECTIVE INFORMATIONAL/ EXPLANATORY HYPOTHETICAL DIRECTIONAL DIRECTIONAL Gives the steps in a process that the reader can perform if he or she wants to. Follows a chronological sequence that can be divided into stages or steps. Examples:
• • • • Directions that explain how to assemble a toy Instructions in your biology manual explaining how to prepare a slide Directions for programming your cell phone “The Crummy First Draft”? Explains how something is made or done, but the reader is not likely to perform the process. Mostly follows a chronological sequence. Examples: • An explanation of how brain surgery is performed • Explanations of how the body converts carbohydrates to energy, how plants manufacture chlorophyll, how lightning occurs • “The Crummy First Draft”? INFORMATIONAL or INFORMATIONAL or EXPLANATORY HYPOTHETICAL HYPOTHETICAL
Hypothetical examples are not ACTUAL instances, but examples of what COULD happen or is likely to happen. To be effective, hypothetical examples must be representative of common experience. HYPOTHETICAL example: HYPOTHETICAL example: The generalization “Magazine ads create an unrealistic image of the ideal woman.” can be supported with a hypothetical example:
The woman in makeup and fashion ads is thin The beyond what is desirable –and achievable- for the average woman. She wears designer clothes that most of us cannot afford and sports a hairdo that few can accomplish without a salon of experts showing up to help us every morning. Then there is that make up: eyeliner, eyeshadow, foundation, powder, blush, lipliner, mascara, brow liner. What woman has the time (or the skill) to put all that on? As if that isn’t enough, the model is backlit for maximum effect. the Writing process analysis papers: Writing process analysis papers: Consider your purpose and audience Mention necessary items and define unfamiliar terms Include all important steps Explain how a step is performed Use plenty of informative transitions Explain its significance or reason Explain trouble spots & what not to do Include examples and description Use visuals WRITER’S RESPONSIBILITIES WRITER’S RESPONSIBILITIES Give clear and thorough directions so that the process can be successfully reproduced by the reader. Never write a process analysis that can cause harm. ► Think of examples of process analysis in the discipline of your major ► Think of an instance where you can use this type of analysis in your research paper In-class exercise In-class
(Groups) Write a DIRECTIONAL process analysis about how to have a successful first date in college. Writing process analysis papers: Writing process analysis papers: Consider your purpose and audience Mention necessary items and define unfamiliar terms Include all important steps Explain how a step is performed Use plenty of informative transitions Explain its significance or reason Explain trouble spots & what not to do Include examples and description Use visuals next next Sequence analyzing visuals visuals Blackboard Handouts SUBMIT OUTLINE and resubmit the Towards an Outline instead of Preparation Notes SOURCES SOURCES Aaron, Jane E. 40 Model Essays: A Portable Anthology. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2005. Print. Behrens, Laurence and Leonard J. Rosen. A Sequence of Academic Writing. Fourth Ed. New York, Longman, 2010. Print. Clouse, Barbara Fine. The Student Writer. Sixth Ed. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2004. Print. Redondo, M. Susana. Class Notes. Personal Files. Print and Web. the end the ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Kimmet during the Spring '07 term at George Mason.
- Spring '07