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Unformatted text preview: Monday, Feb 1 Monday, st description (Pick up handout for next class (Pick please) please) A few words about … few The quizzes … The Preparation Notes … DEVELOPMENT OF IDEAS DEVELOPMENT (Invention Tools & patterns) OBSERVATION DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION EXPLANATION NARRATION SUMMARY DEFINITION EXEMPLIFICATION ANALYSIS EVALUATION ARGUMENTATION OBSERVATION… OBSERVATION… iis about discovery s discovery iinvolves the study of subjects and the nvolves study learning from the details from goes beyond the surface and simple goes beyond descriptions descriptions entails open eyes and an open entails open consciousness consciousness OBSERVATION… OBSERVATION… TWO types: a) detached, b) participant a) Both require: a) attention to detail, b) study, c) description d) critical/analytical thinking description description
The expression in vivid language, of The what the five senses experience. what Depiction or re-creation of a scene, an Depiction object, a person, or a feeling object, description description Recreates facts, events, phenomena, sense impressions, ideas, and feelings into words impressions, “Translates” first-hand experiences into first-hand words words Attempts to capture a photographic reality Attempts photographic Records what things are or look like OR what the writer sees as important (focuses what focuses on an impression) on Types of description Types
SUBJECTIVE: (draws on emotions) describe dominant impression use sensory detail use similes, metaphors, personification OBJECTIVE: (draws on observation) accurate & concrete thorough & clear factual But most categories are NOT mutually But exclusive, and most descriptive writing mixes the two mixes DOMINANT IMPRESSION
Serves as a unifying principle Serves unifying May be something you SEE in the subject May SEE May derive from your emotional response May your to the subject to Should reflect a consistent POINT OF VIEW, Should POINT a position from which you approach the subject: subject: You may take a PHYSICAL relation to the You PHYSICAL subject and/or subject You may take a PSYCHOLOGICAL relation to it You PSYCHOLOGICAL PROVIDE EXAMPLES from EXAMPLES “THE SANTA ANA” and “ONCE MORE TO THE LAKE” DESCRIPTION: SHOWING vs. TELLING SHOWING
Last night I went downstairs to the fruit cellar. Its shelves are behind the basement walls. I twisted the light bulb to a faint glow. The dim room showed the shadows of the fruit jars. Water dripping from the ceiling broke the silence. The cobwebs in the corners hid the spiders… A rat ran through the room and the jars seemed to look at me. The shelves seemed about to collapse. The walls reminded me of an Egyptian tomb. But the latter doesn’t decay, and I smelled something bad in the room. room. COMPARE … WHAT IS THE DOMINANT IMPRESSION? WHICH WORDS/PHRASES CONVEY IT? WORDS/PHRASES It was late last night as I reluctantly took the steps It down to the gloomy fruit cellar. Its dark, dusty shelves are located behind the crumbling basement walls. I fumbled in the dark for the lifeless screw in light bulb and managed to twist it to a faint glow. With that the musty room was dimly lit, and long dark shadows lurked on the ceiling, picturing enlarged, misshapen jars of fruit. Water condensed and dripped from the ceiling, shattering the eerie silence. Cobwebs suspended in every corner hid their makers in a gray crisscross of lines … A rat darted through a hole in the wall, and jars of fruit peered at me with their glassy eyes. The rotting shelves looked as if at any moment they would fall to the floor. The cold, grey walls reminded me of an Egyptian tomb forgotten long ago. Yet mummies don’t decay, and I distinctly smelled the odor of something rotting. smelled IN-CLASS EXERCISE IN-CLASS
(Adapted from Fowler) Read the following paragraph and ADD DETAILS to it to complete the DETAILS description so that it reveals how the writer feels, or wants readers to feel, about the scene described. (I will tell each group which dominant impression to convey and the other groups will guess what it is) groups Add details to convey your dominant impression impression The room was small. There was one The window which was covered with a plain tan window shade. Four dark wooden chairs and a square table were in the middle of the room, on top of a green wool rug. In the corner was a small brown sofa with a wooden table holding a reading lamp next to it. On one wall was a large photograph of a family at the beach. beach. Required: Required:
USE THIS TECHNIQUE IN THE USE PERSONAL NARRATIVE YOU WILL PERSONAL WRITE FOR NEXT WEEK. WRITE Good bye! Good ...
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- Spring '07