231 lecture 2 jhr spring 2011[1]

231 lecture 2 jhr spring 2011[1] - ResearchMethodsinSocial...

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Research Methods in Social  Psychology
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Today’s Agenda Social psych research basics Hindsight bias Bystander Effect and Diffusion of  Responsibility Cultural and ethical issues in social  psychology
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An Example How can we decide who is right about the effects of  something like sex in the media?  Some say it increases the likelihood children will have sex  earlier Some conclude that it does not. Is there a more scientific way to determine the answer?  Social psychologists believe there is.
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Social Psychology:  An Empirical Science  A fundamental principle of social psychology is  that social influence can be studied  scientifically. The results of some of the experiments you  encounter may seem obvious Social psychology concerns everyday topics  you may already be familiar with 
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Social Psychology:  An Empirical Science  Three types of answers to these  questions:  observational method correlational method experimental method. Probably familiar from some  other psych class, but we’ll  go over it in terms of social  psych.
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Social Psychology:  An Empirical Science  Each is a powerful tool in some ways and a  weak tool in others.  Involves choosing the right method, maximizing  its strengths, and minimizing its weaknesses.
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Going back to that example Early exposure to sex in the media leads to having sex  earlier. Early Sexy Media  Exposure Having Sex Earlier
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Going back to that example Could it be something else? Personality  Disposition Seeking out sexy  media Having sex earlier Third-variable problem: when a third  variable causes a relationship between  two other variables
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Social Psychology: An Empirical Science  “I knew Obama would win!” Once we know the winner of a political election,  the outcome seems inevitable and easily  predictable The same is true of findings in psychology  experiments. It seems like we could have easily predicted  the outcomes—once we know them. 
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Social Psychology: An Empirical Science  The trick is to predict what will happen in an  experiment before you know how it turned out.  Hindsight Bias Tendency for people to exaggerate how much they  could have predicted an outcome after knowing that it  occurred.
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Where do research ideas come from? Many studies stem from a researcher’s 
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course PSYCH 231 taught by Professor Wagner during the Spring '08 term at George Mason.

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231 lecture 2 jhr spring 2011[1] - ResearchMethodsinSocial...

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