Public Policy

Public Policy - What Is Public Management (Public...

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What Is Public Management (Public Administration)? February 1, 2010 1
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Outline I. What is Public Administration? II. Why Is Public Administration Hard to Define? III. Who Are Public Administrators? IV. What is the Context in Which Public Organizations Operate? V. What is the Relationship Between Public Organizations and Executive Leadership; the Legislature; the Judiciary; other Interested Parties VI. What Are Administrative Resources and Political Competency? 2
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I. What is Public Administration? Denhardt : Public Administration is concerned with the management of public programs Wilson : Public Administration is the detailed and systematic execution of public law (administrative study is to discover first what government can properly and successfully do, and how it can do these proper things with the utmost possible efficiency and the least possible cost either of money or of energy) 3
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Wilson, continued Administration is a field of business Administration lies outside the proper sphere of politics Administration must be at all points sensitive to public opinion Do you see any problems with any of the above statements? 4
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I. What is Public Administration? Starling definitions Public Administration— is the process by which resources are marshaled and then used to cope with the problems facing a political community Governance —the exercise of authority by government or more precisely, the system and method by which that authority is exercised 5
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II. Why is Public Administration Difficult to Define? Rosenbloom : Central problem of Public Administration theory is that it is derived from 3 distinct approaches of what PA is and each emphasizes different values, organizational structure, and views of individuals 6
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Rosenbloom, continued Managerial ( what PA ought to be )-grew out of civil service reforms; PA was to be geared toward the maximization of effectiveness, efficiency and economy Efficiency-most important value Structure -hierarchical, functional specialization, jobs merit based, politically neutral competence; Individual -impersonal view, individual worker is turned into an appendage, to a mechanical means of production 7
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Rosenbloom, continued Political ( what PA was in practice )-PA is a problem in political theory, the fundamental problem in a democracy is responsibility to popular control; the responsibility and responsiveness of the administrative agencies and the bureaucracies to the elected officials is of central importance in a government based increasingly on the exercise of discretionary power by the agencies of administration; Responsiveness, representativeness, and accountability through elected officials to the citizenry are key values Structure -advantages of pluralism; enable faction to compete against faction; political participation by a variety of interested parties Individual -viewed as part of an aggregate group 8
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Rosenbloom, continued Legal-administrative law, judicalization of PA, and constitutional laws are three components
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Public Policy - What Is Public Management (Public...

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