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Midterm Exam Review

Midterm Exam Review - PPD 225 Midterm Exam Review Short...

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PPD 225 Midterm Exam Review Short Answer Questions Five of the following questions will be on the exam. Select three of the following (15 points each) 1. What are 2 definitions of public policy? Which one do you believe is more accurate? Defend your answer. Four definitions of public policy (pick two) 1) “Who gets what, when, and how” (Laswell) 2) “What governments choose to do or not to do” (Dye) 3) “Government policies are courses of action made up of a series of decisions, discrete choices (including the choice of not to act), over a period of time” (Rushefsky) 4) “The expressed interest of government actors, relative to public problems and the activities that are done in response to them” (Dubnick) Accuracy -Rushefsky and Dubnick’s are more accurate, because they are thorough, emphasize the key points to public policy and give a depth analysis -Laswell and Dye’s definitions are too simple, broad and unsubstantial 2. What are 2 definitions of public administration? Which one do you believe is more accurate? Defend your answer. Two definitions of public policy 1) “Public administration is concerned with the management of public programs” (Denhardt) 2) “Public administration is the process by which resources are marshaled and then used to cope with the problems facing a political community” (Starling) Accuracy -Starling’s definition is more accurate, because it is more in depth and he breaks the concept down into parts -Denhardt’s definition fails to provide detail and an overall concept of public administration 4. According to Dye, what do policy evaluators study? Which of these areas do you believe is the most relevant for getting (or keeping) citizen support of public policy? Defend your answer. -Areas of study: policy output, policy performance, policy outcome and policy feedback -Most relevant in keeping citizen support: policy performance -shows what happened compared to expectations of what was suppose to occur -shows citizens the impact of the policy and the tangible effect of fixing a societal problem -shows symbolic effect that policy makers can have an impact and care about bettering society
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6. What are the three key elements for understanding criminal justice? Which of these elements should be the easiest to achieve? Defend your answer. -Three key elements: certainty, swiftness and severity -Easiest element to achieve: severity -for severity, the judge solely has to decide what the punishment should be depending on how costly the crime was, after the criminal is found guilty -certainty is difficult to achieve, because criminals can get out of punishment by having a good lawyer, etc.
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