Chapters 1-2 Lecture Notes

Chapters 1-2 Lecture Notes - PPD225 WhatisPublicPolicy?...

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PPD 225 What is Public Policy? 13/01/2010 12:29:00 Elements of Public Policy should distinguish between what governments choose to do and not to do  persuasive not solely limited to legislation, executive orders, rules, and regulations  intentional course of action with an accomplished end goal as its objective both long term and short term Governmental authority o under the direct development and influence of government o gives it legitimacy Develop through action or inaction o do something or prevent something Carry purposes and intentions o based on values, opinions, prejudices, biases o culturally driven Have outcomes or effects on people and society o affect the lives of individuals in direct, personal, and continuous ways Are problem oriented o a governmental response to a perceived need or public demand Public Policy Definitions Dye:  What governments choose to do or not to do
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Lasswell:  Who gets what, when, and how Rushefsky: Government policies are courses of action made up of a series of  decisions, discrete choices (including the choice not to act), over a period of  time Cochran et al:  Public policy always refers to the actions of government and  the intentions that determine those actions Dubnick and Bardes: Public policies are the expressed interests of  government actors, relative to a public problem, and the activities related to  those interests Lynn: Public policy can readily be viewed as the output of a political system  that comprises individuals that come together in small groups within the  framework of organizations characterized by hierarchy, division of labor, and  specialization Govt’s role in Public Policy o Regulate conflict within society o Organize society to carry on conflict with other societies o Distribute symbolic rewards and material services o Extract money o Federal govt spends most money on social security and medicare o State and local govt spends most money on education  Instruments of Public Policy  Law o rights o regulate economic and social conditions o create burdens as well as benefits Services o directly provided to citizens  defense, education, recreation o  more contracting?
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police, prisons, garbage collection Money o provides citizens o organizations o other governments with money Taxes o progressive or regressive Other instruments o loan guarantees o moral suasion Ideology, Values and Public Policy Ideology: a concept that strongly affects the policy process o consists of a set of beliefs about what the world is Values: used to appraise the state of the world (good/bad; satisfactory 
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Chapters 1-2 Lecture Notes - PPD225 WhatisPublicPolicy?...

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