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American Federalism and IGR

American Federalism and IGR - American Federalism and...

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1 American Federalism and American Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations Intergovernmental Relations Institutional Arrangements and Public Policy
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2 Outline Outline I. Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations (IGR) II. Interorganizational Relationships III. Application
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3 I. I. Federalism and IGR: Federalism and IGR: What is Federalism? What is Federalism? A system of government in which sovereignty is shared between two or more levels of government so that on some matters the national government is supreme and on others the states, regions, or provincial governments are supreme.
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4 Federal System Definitions Federal System Definitions Federal: both national and sub-national governments exercise separate and autonomous authority, both elect officials, and both tax citizens for provision of public services. A change in the governing constitution must be agreed upon by both national and sub-national population. Unitary: local governments can be altered or even abolished by the national government acting alone
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5 Federal System Definitions (con’t) Federal System Definitions (con’t) Confederal: the power of the national government is dependent on local units of government *Dye claims that it is not clear whether the government of the United States retains it federal character
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6 The different powers of the federal The different powers of the federal government and the state government: government and the state government: what these two can and can’t do… what these two can and can’t do…
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7 Federal Government Federal Government Enumerated Powers Coining money Setting standards of weight and measures Making uniform naturalization laws Admitting new states Establishing new states Establishing new post offices Declaring war
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8 Federal Government Federal Government Implied Powers “To make laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the forgoing Powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.” (Article 1, Section 8, Clause 18)
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9 Federal Government Federal Government Other Powers The defense of the nation Social security and Medicare National lands and parks Foreign policies
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10 State Government State Government Powers of the State Regulate intrastate commerce Conduct elections for their particular state To provide for public health, safety, and morals To establish local governments To ratify amendments to the federal constitution To establish a state militia
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