MIDTERM NOTES

MIDTERM NOTES - EALC 110 NOTES 12/01/2010 13:39:00 Chinese...

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Unformatted text preview: EALC 110 NOTES 12/01/2010 13:39:00 Chinese language Koreans and Japanese learned the Chinese written language and the pronunciation in Chinese words o Koreans and Japanese did not have a written language of their own in ancient times o Koreans and Japanese had a rich culture of their own but they did not report it and write it down o Mostly the elite learned the language o Reason why today the Korean and Japanese language has a lot of Chinese vocabulary Korean and Japanese are very similar in grammar, but sound quite different Have multiple syllables in the words San/Yama San=Chinese word for mountain Yama=Japanese word for mountain Was the common language/universal o Communicated in public through the Chinese language Chinese spoken language o Part of the Sino-Tibetan language family Sino=Chinese Tibetan=Tibet Today apart of China o Chinese and Tibetan are very similar cant tell the difference between the two when spoken o also includes other minority languages in China and Burma o beginning of Chinese language lies in North China did not have coral or parrots borrowed these terms and they ended up being two syllables did not make the television the west made the television Japanese borrowed the technology and word Chinese made a whole new word: dian Two syllables Means electric-vision o Characteristics 1) Monosyllabic foundation modern Chinese is not monosyllabic 2) Tonal language Has change in pitch throughout the word Different pitches have different meanings Korean and Japanese did not have tonal languages Four tones Ma -- o Doesnt change at all o Means mother Ma / o Rises in pitch o Means numb Ma v o ma-ha o means horse Ma \ o Means to scold Another use of ma o Ma Not a tone Put it at the end of the sentence Creates a musical quality o Unique o Used it in poetry 3) No inflection Doesnt change any syllable for a grammatical purpose For plural add a suffix o Context heavy its the situation o easiest language when it comes to grammar no conjugation o Shanghai and Mandarin are mutually unintelligible Do this to create a sense of unity Shanghai people look down on others who dont speak the Shanghai dialect o Dont write the way they speak Through the years writing became standardized o Written language is not alphabetical o Uses characters Three kinds 1) pictographs stands for a word in an object first type of writing o used also as oracles...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course EALC 110 taught by Professor Hayden during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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MIDTERM NOTES - EALC 110 NOTES 12/01/2010 13:39:00 Chinese...

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