Iranian Revolution.docx - Iranian Revolution Introduction Iranian Revolution also called Islamic Revolution Persian Enqelāb-e Eslām� or the 1979

Iranian Revolution.docx - Iranian Revolution Introduction...

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Iranian Revolution Introduction: Iranian Revolution, also called Islamic Revolution, Persian Enqelāb-e Eslāmī, or the 1979 Revolution was a series of events that culminated in the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, who was supported by the United States, and the replacement of his government with an Islamic republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, a leader of one of the factions in the revolt. The revolution was supported by various Islamist and leftist organizations and student movements. The popular uprising in Iran in 1978–79 that resulted in the falling of the monarchy on February 11, 1979, and led to the establishment of an Islamic republic. History of Iran: Iran was known as Persia up to 1935. For 2500 years, this land was ruled by a series of kings known as SHAHS. From 1501-1736 there was the rule of Safavid dynasty one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran. Then there was rule of Qajar dynasty from 1785-1921. They provide benefits to Iran by giving political powers to Ulemas because they thought that if they did not give political powers to Ulemas they might get against them and end their rule. They made restrictions on kings by giving constitutional monarchy. During the rule of Qajar dynasty World War 1 started, oil was found in Iran during WW1. When super power countries came to know that Iran is rich in oil they wanted to control over Iran to get Iran’s oil. After ww1 United Kingdom’s eye was on Iran. They wanted to establish their government and takeover the oil. UK decided to make a government in Iran that was of their national interest then with the support of Britain the rise of General Reza Khan, the commander of the elite Persian Cossack Brigade who seized power in a coup d'état in February 1921. He established a constitutional monarchy, deposing the last Qajar Shah, Ahmed Shah, in 1925 and being designated monarch by the national assembly, and established Pahlavi dynasty 1921-1979. Reza khan was an army general but became shah. Mosaddegh and the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company: The Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) was a British company founded in 1908 following the discovery of a large oil field in Masjed Soleiman, Iran. The British government purchased 51% of the company in 1914, [1] gaining a controlling number of shares, effectively nationalizing the company. It was the first company to extract petroleum from Iran. In 1935 APOC was renamed the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) when Reza Shah Pahlavi formally asked foreign countries to refer to Persia by its endonym Iran. Reza shah handed all Iran to UK. He was pleased that Britain has elected him as Shah of Iran. Because of Reza Shah’s this act Ulemas went against him.
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After few years Britain also went against Reza Shah because they thought that Reza Shah is establishing relations with Russia and is opposing UK. United Kingdom then decided to over throw Reza Shah’s rule and establish the rule of someone who is in favor with UK. In 1941 Reza Shah was deposed, and his son, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, was installed by an invasion of allied British and Soviet troops.
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