Ethics and Egoism• What is the place of self-regard, self-interest, or self-love in the moral life?• Is everything we do really done out of the motive of self-interest so that morality is necessarily egoistic?• Is some form of egoism the best moral theory?• Or is egoism really diametrically opposed to true morality?•Is altruism possible, and, if so, is it rational?
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Some Terminological Distinctions1.Psychological Egoism: we always do that act that we perceive to be in our own best self-interest. We have no choice but to be selfish. We cannot be motivated by anything other than what we believe will promote our interests. 2.Personal Egoism: we are selfish by choice. We always choose to serve our own best interests, regardless of what happens to anyone else. This is not a reflexive judgment about what is right or wrong. It is not an ethical theory but a phenomenal state of exclusive self-love.