Exam1Review - Hutchesons thought experiment the Economist...

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REVIEW SHEET FOR EXAM 1 The first exam will occur in class on Wednesday, February 16. You will have the entire 50-minute period to compose your responses. The exam will consist of several short answer questions (true/false, multiple choice, and/or fill in the blank questions), and one essay question. Terms: meta-ethics moral relativism normative ethics descriptive cultural relativism (DCR) applied ethics normative cultural relativism (NCR) axiology culture-index argument person-index premise the cultural differences argument conclusion consequences of NCR deductive argument moral objectivism validity moral absolutism soundness natural law inductive argument Stoics’ view on natural law counterexample Aquinas’ view on natural law kinds of egoism moderate objectivism psychological egoism possible arguments for moral objectivism the argument from the nature of action arguments for egoism the argument from pleasure ethical egoism the “paradox” of hedonism Hobbes’ argument for egoism
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Unformatted text preview: Hutchesons thought experiment the Economist argument the Jones thought experiment arguments against ethical egoism counterargument against psychological egoism Platos thought experiment Rachels claim that all societies have some values in common Essay You will respond to one of the following essay topics: 1. In a well-organized essay, explain the difference between descriptive cultural relativism (DCR) and normative cultural relativism (NCR). Why might NCR seem to undermine ethics? Explain and evaluate the cultural differences argument for NCR. Is this argument good? Why or why not? 2. In a well-organized essay, explain the difference between psychological egoism (PE) and ethical egoism (EE). Why does PE seem to pose a threat to ethics? Explain and evaluate at least two important arguments offered on behalf of PE. Are any of these arguments good? Why or why not?...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course PHIL 111 taught by Professor Kain during the Spring '08 term at Purdue.

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