Ch2_Arriaga - Click to edit Master subtitle style 2/7/11...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style 2/7/11 Unit 2: Research Research Methods Prof. Ximena Arriaga 11 Unit 2: Research 2/7/11 Unit 2: Research Outline • What are psychologists? • Process of psychological research • Types of research studies (“Study design”) • Summarizing data and finding (Statistics) • Doing psychology experiments Unit 2: Research 22 2/7/11 Unit 2: Research What is Psychology? • The study of how people think and act (mind and behavior) • Are all psychologists people who study these things? 33 Unit 2: Research 2/7/11 Unit 2: Research Types of Psychologists • Research psychologists – Systematically studying mind and behavior • Clinical psychologists • Applied psychologists • Process of psychological research 44 Unit 2: Research 2/7/11 Unit 2: Research Process of Psychological Research Lear ning objectives: 1. Become familiar and understand the stages in doing a study 2. Understand how the conclusion of one study can trigger a new study 3. Learn terms: hypothesis, variable, operational definition Unit 2: Research 55 2/7/11 Unit 2: Research Process of Psychological Research 66 Unit 2: Research Systematically seeking answers to testable questions about mind and behavior 2/7/11 Unit 2: Research Questions About Behavior and Mind 1. Will my parents start losing their memory? When and why? 2. Will I marry like my dad/mom and have the same relationship my parents had? 3. How can I learn enough to pass my exams? 4. What do I need to do to lose weight? Do those low-carbohydrate diets really work? 5. Why do people get meaner when they’re under the influence of alcohol? (Does this really happen? Or is this just a stereotype?) 6. Is my roommate really a psychopath? How likely is it that s/he will hurt me? 7. Will people who are different always mistrust each other (quoting Rodney King, “Can’t we all just get along?”)? 8. Are men and women born with different abilities? 9. What does it take to have the right “chemistry” in a relationship? 10. When does taking a risk make sense? When does playing it safe seem better? 11. Have I learned more in the last 9 years or in my first 9 years of life? 77 Unit 2: Research 2/7/11 Unit 2: Research 1. What predicts memory loss? Why does memory loss occur? 2. What predicts whether two people are romantically attracted to each other? 3. Which studying techniques are best for learning information? 4. Which behaviors are most influential in predicting weight loss? How do 88 Unit 2: Research 2/7/11 Unit 2: Research Scientific method • Observation – Seek evidence for something – Look for regularities / predictability • Generate hypothesis – Make a tentative statement of what is going on • Observation again – Systematically test and evaluate support for hypothesis 99 Unit 2: Research Lay Science Psychological Science 2/7/11 Unit 2: Research Process of Psychological Research 1010 Unit 2: Research Does consuming alcohol cause aggressive behavior?...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course PSYCH 120 taught by Professor Lebrenton during the Spring '10 term at Purdue University.

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Ch2_Arriaga - Click to edit Master subtitle style 2/7/11...

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