Chapter3_Kinzig

Chapter3_Kinzig - Biological Processes Professor Kimberly...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 2/7/11 Biological Processes Professor Kimberly Kinzig Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 Truth or Fiction? § A single cell can stretch all the way from your spine to your toe. § Messages travel in the brain by means of electricity. § A brain cell can send out hundreds of messages each second – and manage to catch some rest in between. § Fear can give you indigestion. Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 What is Neuroscience? An interdisciplinary field of study directed at understanding the brain and its relation to behavior Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 History of Behavioral Neuroscience Philosophy: a means of exploring and understanding the general nature of many aspects of the world Physiology: the scientific study of Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 Philosophers Hippocrates MIND-BODY DUALISM Rene Descartes The mind and body are separate and qualitatively different Pineal gland: the structure through which the mind controls the mechanical body Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 Philosophers John Locke Tabula rasa Gottfried von Leibniz Concept of the unconscious Philipe Pinel Advocate for the mentally ill proposed 4 kinds of mental illness Mania, melancholy, dementia, idiocy Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 Physiologists Hermann von Helmholtz 1st to measure speed of nerve conduction Theories of vision and audition Ernst Weber Two point threshold Just noticeable difference Gustav Fechner Weber’s Law Psychophysics Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 Fritsch and Hitzig Electrical brain stimulation Johannes Muller Doctrine of specific nerve energies Pierre Flourens Experimental ablation Paul Broca Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 Behavioral Neuroscience Biology Physiology Anatomy Molecular Biology Endocrinology Psychology Chapter 3: Biological What is the biological basis of behavior? What is normal brain function? What is abnormal brain function? How does the central nervous system function in development, adulthood and aged individuals? How can we prevent and/or treat psychological and neurological disease?
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2/7/11 Chapter 3: Biological Processes Behavioral Neuroscience Emotion Intracell ular Signalin g Social Interacti ons Neural Circuits Sex Differen ces Experie nce/ Learnin g Develop ment Mental Health
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2/7/11 What do people do with it? Vision, hearing, speech Spinal cord function Psychological processes Social and behavior patterns Posture, balance, motor control Drug development Brain plasticity Motivated behaviors Mental disorders Therapies for paralysis/stroke Neurological disease Addiction Stress Sex Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 The Central Nervous System: CNS Brain Cerebral cortex Cerebellum Spinal cord Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 Internal Communication Neurons Sensory Interneurons Motor neurons Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 REFLEXES ARE: Largely automatic Primarily spinal cord pathways Chapter 3: Biological
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2/7/11 Terminal button Chapter 3: Biological
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Chapter3_Kinzig - Biological Processes Professor Kimberly...

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