Memory - MEMORY MEMORY MEMORY is not a tape recorder Memory Construction eye witness testimonies B e th L o ftu s Memory Construction R e a lity m

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Unformatted text preview: MEMORY MEMORY MEMORY is not a tape recorder!!! Memory Construction: eye witness testimonies B e th L o ftu s Memory Construction R e a lity m o n ito r in g ( s o u r c e m e m o r y c o n fu s io n ) M a rc ia J o h n s o n SCREEN memories T h in k o f a c h ild h o o d m e m o ry ? D o y o u s e e y o u r s e lf in it? Memory Construction In s c r e e n m e m o r ie s w e s e e o u r s e lv e s in th e m e m o r y As if it is o n T V Our So e y e s a r e o n o u r fa c e h o w is it th a t w e s e e th e s e lf in a m e m o r y ? Flashbulb Memory A c le a r m e m o ry o f a n e m o tio n a lly s ig n ific a n t m om ent or event V e ry V iv id d e ta ile d Memory is… B its o f V e r id ic a l … r e lic s fo r m th e p a s t F r o n ta l L o b e ( s to r y te lle r ) fills in th e g a p s Library Analogy of Memory ENCODE STOR E R E T R IE V A L Library Analogy of Memory ENCODE B ooks p u t o n s h e lf Memory Systems Short Term Memory (STM)—a limited c a p a c ity m e m o r y s y s te m u s e d to h o ld in fo r m a tio n U s u a lly S y s te m la s ts le s s th a n a m in u te o r tw o w e u s e to te m p o r a r ily s to r e & r e a s o n w ith in fo r m a tio n Sensory Memory S h o r te s t fo r m o f m e m o r y Iconic Memory Brief memory of a large amount of VISUAL information (quarter of second) Echoic Memory B r ie f m e m o r y o f a u d ito r y in fo r m a tio n L a s ts 3 .5 – 4 s e c o n d s Mnemonics M e m o r y A id s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f v iv id im a g e r y o r C le v e r w a y s o f o r g a n iz in g th e m a te r ia l Mnemonics (cont’d) Acrostic—a series of written lines in which the 1st, last, or other particular letters form a w o rd p h ra s e Roy ‘ E v e ry G B iv g o o d b o y d o e s fin e ’ Mnemonics (cont’d) Acronym—a word formed from the initial le tte r s o f w o r d s in a p h r a s e SCUBA FBI IR S Storage P r o b le m s in s to r e : fo r g e ttin g R e p r e s s io n A m n e s ia T ra u m a D ID Amnesia R e tr o g r a d e A m n e s ia — m e m o r y lo s s fo r e v e n ts th a t h a p p e n e d p r io r to th e p o in t o f b ra in in ju ry Anterograde Amnesia—memory loss for e v e n ts th a t h a p p e n a fte r th e p o in t o f p h y s ic a l in ju ry Amnesia (cont’d) In fa n tile A m n e s ia Retrieval STM LTM P ro c e d u ra l M e m o ry E p is o d ic M e m o ry S e m a n tic M e m o ry Memory Systems (cont’d) Long Term Memory (LTM)—memory s y s te m u s e d to m a in ta in in fo r m a tio n fo r lo n g p e r io d s o f tim e E p is o d ic M e m o r y — m e m o r y fo r a p a r tic u la r e v e n t o r e p is o d e th a t h a p p e n e d to y o u p e rs o n a lly W hat W h e re y o u a te fo r b r e a k fa s t th is m o r n in g y o u w e n t o n v a c a tio n la s t y e a r Semantic Memory—knowledge about the w o r ld s to r e d a s fa c ts th a t m a k e little o r n o r e fe r e n c e to o n e ’ s p e r s o n a l e x p e r ie n c e s Procedural Memory—knowledge about h o w to d o th in g s R id in g S w in g in g a b ik e a g o lf c lu b Retrieval C o n te x t D e p e n d e n t M e m o ry — m e m o ry d e p e n d s o n c e r ta in s itu a tio n o r e n v ir o n m e n t State Dependent Memory—memory d e p e n d e n t o n m o o d o r m e n ta l s ta te De ja vu’ ???? Which of the following is not a type of long term memory? A . P ro c e d u ra l B . E p is o d ic C . Ic o n ic D . S e m a n tic ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course PSYCH 120 taught by Professor Lebrenton during the Spring '10 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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