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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 3
1) Circle and identify the functional groups in the following molecules alkene O
amide H O
amine H2N OH
alcohol O O
ketone O a l de hyde 2) a) Name the compound 1 and draw a skeletal structure for this compound. Indicate which carbon(s) is (are) quaternary, tertiary, secondary and primary. Q = quaternary P T = tertiary CH3 S = secondary S P = Primary CH2 S P S T S Q CH3 CH2 CH2 CH CH2 C CH2 CH3
P CH3 S CH2 S P 1 P 3,3-diethyl-5-methyloctane CH3 b) What is the relationship between compound 1 and 2?
CH3 CH2 H 3C C H 2 C CH2 CH2 CH2 C H 2 CH C H 3 CH 3 1 and 2 are identical 2 CH3 c) What is the relationship between compound 1 and 3? 1 and 3 are constitutional isomers 3
3) Draw the 2,2-dimethyl-3-ethyl-hexane 4) Draw all the possible isomers having the formula C6H14 and name them. hexane 2-methylpentane 2,2-dimethylbutane 3-methylpentane 2,3-dimethylbutane 5) Draw all possible products resulting from the substitution of one hydrogen atom of the following compound by one chlorine atom.
CH3 CH3 CH3 H 3C C C C CH3 H 2C
Cl CH3 CH3 CH3 C C C CH3 H 3C CH3 CH3 CH3 C C C CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH3 CH2 CH3
Cl 6) Draw the trans-1-methyl-3-ethylcyclohexane 7) Draw all possible products resulting from the substitution of one hydrogen atom of the cis-1,2-dimethylcyclopropane.
Cl Cl cis-1,2-dimethylcyclopropane
Cl Cl 8) Draw the structure of a compound with the general formula C3H4O3, knowing that it features both an aldehyde and a carboxylic acid functional groups. HO H O O ...
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- Fall '06
- Mole, Carboxylic acid, Functional group, Amide