Ch1 - What is Sociology_

Ch1 - What is Sociology_ - Chapter 1 What Is Sociology A...

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Chapter 1 What Is Sociology? A Definition The scientific study of social structure and social interaction that facilitates the analysis of factors that influence the social condition and social change.
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The systematic study of human behavior in social context. At its core, sociology is the scientific study of arrangements that give structure and continuity to human relations and also of forces that produce change.
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The “Sociological Viewpoint” Includes Four Key Concepts Science Sociologists follow the scientific method Social Structure We are members of social units, or a structure, that endures over time Social Interaction How we relate with others is a topic sociologists attempt to understand Social Change Continuity and change are normal features of social life
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Social Structures Sociologists call stable patterns of social relations social structures . One of sociology’s tasks is to identify and explain the connection between personal troubles and the social structures in which they are embedded.
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Industrial Revolution The rapid economic transformation that began in Britain in the 1780s. Involved the application of science and technology to industrial processes, the creation of factories, and the formation of a working class. Created a host of new and serious social problems that attracted the attention of many social thinkers.
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Karl Marx 1818-1883 German economist and social thinker who originated conflict theory. Class conflict, the struggle between classes to resist and overcome the opposition of other classes, lies at the center of his ideas. Marx wrote articles that were intended to raise class consciousness amongst the poor, who he believed should be running society. Believed social scientists should help to improve society
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Émile Durkheim believed in positivism. Argued that society was made up of social facts that told the story of how society works. Focused more on ‘what is’; as opposed to ‘what should be.’ Was considered a functionalist, but this is debatable. Emile Durkheim 1858-1917
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Sociological Explanation of Suicide Mechanical solidarity Traditional societies are united by social similarities Organic solidarity Modern societies are united by interdependence Anomie Rapid social change leads to loss of social norms and produces many social problems
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