Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Diiferent cultures have different...

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Chapter 2 Diiferent cultures have different moral codes. For example, Eskimos would have many wives; lend their wives as a sign on hospitality; kill female babies at the parent's discretion; left the elderly in the snow to die; they had little respect for life. If we assume that our ethical ideas will be shared by all cultures, we are merely being naiive. The idea of universal truth in ethics is a myth. Every standard is culture-bound. Cultural relativism challenges our belief in the objectivity and universality of moral truth. 5 claims made by cultural relativists; independent of one another; the second and fifth are inconsistent with each other. 1) Diff societies have diff moral codes: when customs differ, the underlying reason will often have more to do with the factual beliefs of the cultures than with their values. 2) Moral code of a society determines what is right within that society: moral code of a society is closely tied to what people in that society believe to be right (excision of women). According to cultural relativism, the morals of a culture can never be wrong. 3) There is no objective standard that can be used to judge one society's code as better than another's. There are no moral truths that hold for all people at all times. 4) The moral code of our own society has no special status; it is but one among many:
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2011 for the course PHIL 309 taught by Professor Sander during the Spring '10 term at George Mason.

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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Diiferent cultures have different...

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