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AMST final STUDY Guide

AMST final STUDY Guide - 1 Racial Formation Race is a...

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1.) Racial Formation: Race is a concept that signifies and symbolizes social conflicts and interests by referring to different types of human bodies. (from the article “Racial Formation” p.124) Racial Formation: is the sociohistorical process by which racial categories are created, inhabited, transformed, and destroyed. It’s a process of historically situated projects in which human bodies and social structures are represented and organized. This is then linked to evolution of hegemony, the way in which society is organized and ruled. (“Racial Formation p. 124) In connection to Race and Class and Los Angeles, racial formation has played a role in shaping Los Angeles. For example, “The Big Orange” or citrus industry and warm weather attracted many upper/middle class whites to Los Angeles and surrounding cities. These people lived in small towns but have money in the communities. The whites normally owned the citrus plantations while the workers were minorities, for example, Mexicans. This is lead to racial segregation because whites separated themselves from minorities, for example, the railroad tracks provided a boundary of racial segregation in regards to geography, living situations. 2. One Drop Rule:The one-drop rule is the U.S. tradition that someone of utterly European appearance who rejects an African-American self-identity is “really Black,” like it or not, due to having “one drop” of known African ancestry, no matter how ancient. The notion labels such people as merely “passing for White.” A black is any person with any known African black ancestry. This definition reflects the long experience with slavery and later with Jim Crow segregation. In the South it became known as the "one- drop rule,'' meaning that a single drop of "black blood" makes a person a black.That rule was essential to the either-or logic of the Jim Crow system, in which being part-black was as inconceivable as being part-pregnant. Nor was there room in this scheme for people with other racial identities; those who were not white were thrown into the category of "Negroes and other races." The United States is the only country in the world in which a white mother can have a black child but a black mother cannot have a white child. 3. Miscegenation/Race Mixing Miscegenation refers to people of different races having sexual relations with one another. In 1863 it became illegal for interracial marriage. Those against miscegenation claim that it is minorities attempts to destroy the white race. This is why
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many were against racial integration because they fell that it would lead to miscegenation. With different minorities living next door to each other in a community miscegenation is more than likely going to happen. Los Angeles is among one of the most diverse counties in the United States with areas like South Gate were minorities lived among the white population (Immigrants, Newcomers and Segregation 10). Anti- miscegenation believers felt that by this integration and “cross-breeding” that the white race would slowly decline as well as society. This belief was another reason why many
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