27 - AMST NOTES 1/27/10 Secularization of Missions Large...

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AMST NOTES 1/27/10 Secularization of Missions Large amounts of land worked by the Indian people (converted Indians but also made money off of Indian labor) Secularization by Mexican government took away power for missions to be owned by the Catholic Church and said those lands need to be broken up and given back to the Indians o All during this time, native population was declining due to disease rampant throughout the population Natives were induced with alcohol, picked up by authorities of the pueblo, and sold to the rancheros every Sunday Gente de Razon : term used in colonial and modern Hispanic America to refer to people who were culturally Hispanic Social distinction that existed alongside the racial categories of the sistema de castas . o Indigenous peoples ( indios or "Indians"), who maintained their culture and lived in their legally recognized communities (the repúblicas de indios ), and mixed-race people (the castas ), especially the poor in urban centers, were generally considered not to be gente de razón Archibald Gillespie: officer in the US Marine Corps during the Mexican- American War
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27 - AMST NOTES 1/27/10 Secularization of Missions Large...

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