Notes - ARLT100g 20:36 Czech(oslovak)historyto1800...

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ARLT 100g 20:36 1/13/11 Czech(oslovak) history to 1800 1928 Used to be Bohemia, Moravia-Silesia, Slovakia, Sub-Carpathian Rus  Bohemia o Morphed from one place to a lifestyle, specifically in Paris o Opera La Boem – said Paris was center of all Bohemians Slavic tribes existed before individual countries Sts. Cyril and Methodius o St. Cyril (c. 827-869), St. Methodius (815-885) o Born in Thessaloniki o Developed the Glagolitic alphabet Created for a fabricated language called Slavonic, which was a  language for church, not spoken between any people Great Moravia – one of the tribes o Saint Vaclav I (“Good” King Wenceslaus) o Ruled 921-935 o First to be born and raised as Christian Czech ruler o Murdered by younger brother Boleslav, so canonized as a martyr o Has a Christmas carol after him Charles University (1347) o One of few medieval universities that was multi-cultural (drew scholars  from all over)
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o Part of Holy Roman Empire o Turned Prague to a major cultural center in Europe Jan Hus o Reformation: reaction to Catholicism  o Teaching criticisms towards Catholicism o Executed o Hussite movement o Was faculty of Charles university o 1419 Hussite movement revolted against Prague leadership and threw  leader out of window o Hussites defeated in the Battle of White Mountain, 1620*** o 1620 marked end of Czech medievalism, Holy Roman Empire takes over o Czech books destroyed o 1620: dark ages for Czech Comenius (Jan Komensky) o 1592-1670 o was a Hussite o great Czech thinker, but in exile most of his life The Edict of Tolerance, 1781 o Joseph II o Mostly religious o Wants to ease tensions between Catholics and Protestants
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o Gave linguistic and cultural autonomy to Czechoslovak people (no more  burning books, etc.) o Referred to as Czech National Revival Need to reconstruct language, but difficult because there are only one group  of people, pull from literature but most burned Dobrovsky’s grammar, 1809 o Took from old Slavonic language Karel Erben’s “The Water Goblin” Folk song About a water demon who wants a wife Woman falls in water, becomes his wife and bears his child Like Grimm’s fairytales Transmission of superstitious beliefs Complex because mother wanting to protect child, while child wants to protect  her child In Czech, sounds sinister and like slithering/snake Nemcova’s “Bewitched Bara” Bara is independent and different Bara doesn’t believe in the superstitions  o Noon witch: comes and snatches babies and leaves a doppelganger o Think she’s a doppelganger because her eyes are bigger Village operates as a group unit
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Individuals marginalized  o
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