Notes - ARLT 100g 20:36 Czech(oslovak history to 1800 •...

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Unformatted text preview: ARLT 100g 20:36 1/13/11 Czech(oslovak) history to 1800 • 1928 Used to be Bohemia, Moravia-Silesia, Slovakia, Sub-Carpathian Rus • Bohemia o Morphed from one place to a lifestyle, specifically in Paris o Opera La Boem – said Paris was center of all Bohemians • Slavic tribes existed before individual countries • Sts. Cyril and Methodius o St. Cyril (c. 827-869), St. Methodius (815-885) o Born in Thessaloniki o Developed the Glagolitic alphabet Created for a fabricated language called Slavonic, which was a language for church, not spoken between any people • Great Moravia – one of the tribes o Saint Vaclav I (“Good” King Wenceslaus) o Ruled 921-935 o First to be born and raised as Christian Czech ruler o Murdered by younger brother Boleslav, so canonized as a martyr o Has a Christmas carol after him • Charles University (1347) o One of few medieval universities that was multi-cultural (drew scholars from all over) o Part of Holy Roman Empire o Turned Prague to a major cultural center in Europe • Jan Hus o Reformation: reaction to Catholicism o Teaching criticisms towards Catholicism o Executed o Hussite movement o Was faculty of Charles university o 1419 Hussite movement revolted against Prague leadership and threw leader out of window o Hussites defeated in the Battle of White Mountain, 1620*** o 1620 marked end of Czech medievalism, Holy Roman Empire takes over o Czech books destroyed o 1620: dark ages for Czech • Comenius (Jan Komensky) o 1592-1670 o was a Hussite o great Czech thinker, but in exile most of his life • The Edict of Tolerance, 1781 o Joseph II o Mostly religious o Wants to ease tensions between Catholics and Protestants o Gave linguistic and cultural autonomy to Czechoslovak people (no more burning books, etc.) o Referred to as Czech National Revival • Need to reconstruct language, but difficult because there are only one group of people, pull from literature but most burned • Dobrovsky’s grammar, 1809 o Took from old Slavonic language Karel Erben’s “The Water Goblin” • Folk song • About a water demon who wants a wife • Woman falls in water, becomes his wife and bears his child • Like Grimm’s fairytales • Transmission of superstitious beliefs • Complex because mother wanting to protect child, while child wants to protect her child • In Czech, sounds sinister and like slithering/snake Nemcova’s “Bewitched Bara” • Bara is independent and different • Bara doesn’t believe in the superstitions o Noon witch: comes and snatches babies and leaves a doppelganger o Think she’s a doppelganger because her eyes are bigger • Village operates as a group unit •...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course ARLT 100g taught by Professor 02:00-03:20pm during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Notes - ARLT 100g 20:36 Czech(oslovak history to 1800 •...

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