Notes - EALC110 1/13/11 Chinese Donothaveownalphabet

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EALC 110 19:02 1/13/11 Chinese  Do not have own alphabet Some Chinese even helped create Korean alphabet  Nothing to do with sound at first and no writing system at all at first Instead, oldest 2 kinds of characters (graphs) were pictures or ideas 14 th  century BC Chinese writing starting to improve o 1. Pictograph (picture writing) o 2. Ideograph (same idea, different characters sometimes) both pictographs and ideographs, no indication of pronunciation characters don’t help understand pronunciation  every character corresponds to a spoken word, no abstract words when Chinese characters imported, spoken pronunciation came with it as part  of the character o 3. Combination (combo of sound and sense) sound and meaning indicated by character closest they got to an alphabet puts in clue how to pronounce the character o Homophone: 2 words that sound the same but mean different (ex=English:  two, too, to) Words are not related at all
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Combination is most common in Chinese, more than ideographs and  pictographs Can’t represent everything by pictures Characters can be pronounced in Chinese of Japanese  1/18/11 Huangdi o Yellow emperor o Taught Chinese how to build wooden houses o Wife taught Chinese how to manufacture silk garments o Taught Chinese how to make boats and carts o Taught them how to use bow and arrow o Taught how to make ceramics o Invention of Chinese writing system o First national leader of Chinese Yao o Invented calendar  o Taught Chinese cultural innovation (music, etc.) o Had chance to pass on dynasty but passed it up because not satisfied with  sons o Thought moral character was more important than descent from father (for  being rulers) Shun
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o Yao’s successor o Abided Chinese virtue  o phileopide = devotion to parents Confucianism  o Ideal picture of a ruler Ex.: Yao and Shun o Classic of Documents 2 books: Canon of Yao, Canon of Shun o Yao is accomplished and mild, not war-like Bright virtue, charisma, moral Affection to family, honored nobility  Nourished people Calendar in accordance with heaven  o Shun sacrificed for Lord on High  Sacrificed mountains and wall spirits  All to benefit the people Standardized length capacity and weight No violence or conquest o Yao and Shun attracted people to their land, so their area of land got  bigger and bigger Religion o Heaven: normally associated with sky
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o Shao announcement: speaker supposed to founding father Speaking to people, bringing willing acceptance as a ruler Religious justification Mandate of Heaven Confucianism o Respect for elders
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Notes - EALC110 1/13/11 Chinese Donothaveownalphabet

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