10-11 Viruses

10-11 Viruses - 10/8/2010 1 Chapter 19 VIRUSES Mobile...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 10/8/2010 1 Chapter 19 VIRUSES Mobile genetic elements Fig. 19-1 0.5 μm Viruses • Infectious particles consisting of nucleic acid enclosed in protein coat & sometimes a membranous envelope • Obligate intracellular parasites • Use genetics to take over of a cell But are they alive? Viruses: Are they alive? A debated issue • Employ DNA or RNA (single or double stranded) • Contain proteins • Reproduce but not without use of host cells’ genetic machinery • One virus may produce protein coated tails without host • Evolve in response to their environment (influenza, H5N1avian , H1N1swine) • Some can be crystallized! “A borrowed life” 10/8/2010 2 What is Biology? • Study of living organisms descended from single-celled ancestor that evolved 4 billion years ago • Living organism consists of one or more cells • Contains genetic information • Uses genetic info to reproduce themselves • Are genetically related & have evolved • Can convert molecules from environment into new biological molecules • Can extract energy from environment and use it to do biological work • Can regulate their internal environment Discovery international science • Adolf Mayer (1883) & Tobacco mosaic disease • Transmit disease from plant to plant leaf • Dimitri Ivanowsky (1890) filtered sap infectious • Maritinus Beijerinck (1898) demonstrated infectious agent could reproduce • Wendell Stanley (1935) crystallized infectious particle: TMV Fig. 19-2 RESULTS 1 2 3 Extracted sap from tobacco plant with tobacco mosaic disease Passed sap through a porcelain filter known to trap bacteria Rubbed filtered sap on healthy tobacco plants 4 Healthy plants became infected Fig. 19-3a (a) Tobacco mosaic virus 20 nm 18 250 nm Capsomere of capsid RNA 10/8/2010 2 What is Biology? • Study of living organisms descended from single-celled ancestor that evolved 4 billion years ago • Living organism consists of one or more cells • Contains genetic information • Uses genetic info to reproduce themselves • Are genetically related & have evolved...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course BIO 120 at USC.

Page1 / 10

10-11 Viruses - 10/8/2010 1 Chapter 19 VIRUSES Mobile...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online