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ANTH 263 Midterm Review

ANTH 263 Midterm Review - Anthropology 263 Fall 2010...

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Anthropology 263 Fall 2010 Midterm Study Guide Keep in mind that this list is not all-inclusive. Indexicality - coefficient of indexicality o measurement of how closely a symbol corresponds to/represents the thing it depicts The inferential nature of ethnographic analysis Ethnography - Written description of another culture The various characteristics of culture - Summary of characteristics of culture o 1. Culture is the project of human physical evolution; we absorb it o 2. Culture is seen as an adaptive mechanism that facilitates cooperation; enables people to live in a variety of physical environment outer space underwater artic o 3. Culture is largely pre-conscious o 4. Born with a capacity for culture, but culture is learned o 5. Culture is shared o 6. Culture is qualitative and quantitative o 7. Culture changes over time o 8. A culture has a very integrated aspect; culture is an integrated system o 9. All cultures contain contradictions which the players (us) must resolve we are active participants in our culture o 10. No culture guarantees every individual with equal success in life o 11. All cultures derive from inherent needs A subculture - Any variation within a culture associated with any particular group in that population o Generally share a great deal of more general culture of larger population o Can be associated with geographic areas, social class, religion, mutual interest group Culture as a ‘natural system’ Ethnocentrism - Ones subculture or cultural system - Belief in the superiority of one’s own cultural system Culture shock - Emotion/intellectual assault on preconceived notions on how the world operates
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Symptoms: Depression, insomnia, headaches, agitation, nervousness, annoyance, etc Cultural scripts - Standard sequences of events that is repeated frequently, enough for people to remember it as a related whole o Fixed chain of occurrences that we have become familiar and comfortable with - Tell how to act and behave in a certain place - Members of a culture participate in interactions and negotiations on a daily basis o Way to store day by day scenarios - Ex. Class operating script - Ex fancy restaurant script Sapir-Worfian hypothesis Ethnosemantics o Cross cultural study of meaning o Organize cultural thought- place them in categories Semantic domain / semantic dimension o Semantic Dimension: Criteria by which we differentiate one element in a semantic domain from another o Horse: Stallion Mare Gelding Colt Filly Gelding Foal Foal Foal vertical- age horizontal- gender o Different cultures capture same reality in different ways o Semantic Domain Area perceived of common meaning o Way to study cultures Find out what their categories are and what include Can tell what is important in a culture by how many ways/ words they have to describe something Key term - Word/phrase in a culture that is difficult to translate directly, or even to gloss, that needs to be explained/difficult to explain o
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ANTH 263 Midterm Review - Anthropology 263 Fall 2010...

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