Engineering 101 Study Guide

Engineering 101 - Engineering 101 Study Guide 04:37 What is engineering • The oldest form of fine art • The creative act of design or the art

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Unformatted text preview: Engineering 101 Study Guide 04:37 What is engineering? • The oldest form of fine art • The creative act of design or the art of doing • The liberal arts degree of the 21 st century Historical Content • Engineering is the oldest profession the fill needs • Change in the environment created a need for structure • They used design things and just see if they worked no rules or limits • Knowledge was shared by traveling • 10,000bc o stopped traveling and turned to farming o innovations were necessary for society • 7,000bc o longhouses brick developed form burning houses o social structure has an impact on engineering and vise versa o engineering influenced the evolution of society (iPod) o 3 factors determined the nature of engineering (in Egypt) huge supply of human labor slaves large armies controlled by one person lots of building stone o pyramids first engineering feat to obtain historical identity • 3 great engineering societies o Greeks Archimedes “1 st engineer” was hired Algebra developed Perfected what Egyptians created o Romans Conquering Age of military engineer civil engineer Developed “engines” and artillery Good at managing large scale projects Took on large projects i.e. aqueducts Word “engineer” comes from Romans and is derived from the word ingenious Famous for building roads o Egypt Discussed earlier • More societies o Medieval Times Castles for military stronghold Early spa and resort Imports of technology from Asia Printing press need to share info o Renaissance River travel o France Center of engineering Napoleon Conquering Road building Created first school of engineering Ecole Polytechnique o 1700-1800’s Great Britain need for expansion “engineer” changed to include civil applications bridges, canals… o 1800’s wood was scarce used steel and iron Eiffel Tower Ferris wheel Need for clean water and sewage disposal Edwin Chadwick 1 st Environmental Engineer MIT founded to look at water supply system o 1900’s flight 1903 Orville and Wilbur Wright originally created for warfare 1 st crude submarine made during Civil War wide spread use of electricity 1920-1940: depression; large scale projects hydroelectric dams nuclear bomb, VW beetle… 20 Greatest Engineering Achievements • electricity • airplane • water supply and distribution • electronics • spacecraft • imaging • health technologies • petroleum and petrochemical technologies • laser and fiber optics • nuclear technologies • high performance materials • highways • radio and TV • cars • telephone • fridge and AC •...
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course 2010 39550 taught by Professor Piterbarg during the Fall '10 term at USC.

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Engineering 101 - Engineering 101 Study Guide 04:37 What is engineering • The oldest form of fine art • The creative act of design or the art

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