All EALC notes compiled

All EALC notes compiled - TheChineseLanguage AshleyPhillips

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The Chinese Language Ashley Phillips Characteristics of Chinese Spoken Language 1. Monosyllabic foundation o (see written notes)             2. Tones o Chinese is a tonal language o Change in pitch indicates a chance in meaning Musical pitch is crucial to convey meaning of the word Ma-mother, numb, horse, to scold…or ma a the end of the  sentence means “isn’t it” o Korean and Japanese are not tonal languages            3. No inflection  o Chinese doesn’t change any syllable for any reason o In mandarin you add a suffix to indicate plural words o “Context heavy” language  the situation o In English, we use inflection to show time situation/ tense, yet in  Chinese has to use syllables to tack onto the end of a word to show  completion Has no conjugations, just basic words, making Chinese the easiest language  in the world Mandarin is the most widely used dialect in China Shang Hi dialect and Mandarin are mutually unintelligible  o They do this to foster a sense of unity and widespread understanding  The written language ties the language together o They don’t write the way they speak  the different dialects are not  represented in the written language
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o Uses 3 characters 1. Pictograph (earliest)  picture writing Picture stands for a single syllable and conveys a  message Found on bones or turtle shells…oracle bone inscriptions  (gave advice about the future) conveyed divine  messages Would burn a hole that created cracks and  inscribe inside Only a select group of priests could read them and  decipher them to tell the future (these acted as  oracles) 2. Ideograph   combines pictures with  3. Combination  words stand for something and then a  character indicates a sound Level of what is today Team up elements to convey meaning of a word Borrow characters not for meaning but for sound  Left side stands for the meaning and right hand  side indicates the pronunciation Crops of China Black pottery, painted pottery, silk (silk worm) o Luxury goods Hemp, cloth, stone tools  o More common goods Buried their dead with respect  afterlife Black Pottery (2000 BC) Seen not only along the east but also in central (geographically spread) Lived in small towns
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Domesticated animals Class-structured Specialization of occupations Ancestor worship Respect for ancestors Use of bones and shells to tell future (oracle bones) o Already had some form of a writing system Already were using silk Already starting to use bronze (not as strong as iron)
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course EALC 110g taught by Professor Hayden during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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All EALC notes compiled - TheChineseLanguage AshleyPhillips

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