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juvenile notes test 3 - TEST 3 extra credit option absent...

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TEST 3- extra credit option 11-9-10- absent Policing and juveniles Police work with juveniles police are “gatekeepers” in 2008, police arrested about 1.6 million juveniles of juveniles arrested, about ... 70% are referred to juvenile court 20% are released 7% are referred to adult court arrests involving juveniles UCR last decade fairly stable general police roles policing involves law enforcement order maintenance service policing juveniles field investigations, stops and frisks no supreme court case law probably need “reasonable suspicion” police many ask question without “mirandizing” unless the juvenile is in custody police search and interrogate in 25% of encouters to take into custody or not? estimated that 15% of less of encounters result in arrest threaten to arrest command to leave the area command to discontinue behavior release discretion is expected more with juveniles than adults middle ground options solicit help and attention of parents refer to community agency require youth to report directly to officer periodically
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factors influencing decision to arrest offense-related: seriousness type time of day alone or with others gang-related amount of evidence use of a weapon youth’s record and status prior delinquency record prior status offense record school or work record program/treatment history number and nature of prior police contacts legal status (probation, parole, furlough, escape) offender related race and gender age socio-economic status demeanor reputation condition (high, drunk) gang member complaintant-related present at the scene able to ID perpetrator desire to pursue case relationship to the accused level of blame in the offense (precipitation) community prominence race, gender, age offense location level of crime police patrol level class status offender is a community member presence of bystanders community cohesiveness parents or home belligerent parental attitude
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not home or not located parents or home present a problem parents fails or refuses to appear at police station officer related alone or working with a partner training and experience views of juveniles system previous contact with suspect workload laziness and incompetence special procedures after arrest transport to police station not at all only if there is a designated, separate room for juveniles for processing only parental notification youth has been arrested youth in in custody why youth was arrested very limited time frame if cannot/will not release to parents...
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