SWMS210 Notes - SWMS210Notes 20:59...

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SWMS 210 Notes 20:59 Gender relations: shifting meanings -cultural contexts -institutional contexts -historical contexts and age cohorts -the gendering of bodies Essentialism vs. Social Constructionism Gender and Bodies (throw like a girl) -Society and culture suppress similarities between the sexes, and amplifies  differences -Empirical reality: tremendous overlap, average differences between male and  female bodies -cultural outcome of gender: belief in categorical differences (ex. Men are big and  strong and play sports, women do not) The Naturalization of difference: 1. Individual level: gender is embodies Habitus and Field (P. Bourdieu) 2. Aggregate level: apparent categorical differences reinforce ideology of natural  difference (and superiority-inferiority) -men are usually taller than women on average but there are many women who  are taller than men
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1970’s Gender Studies concepts: sex: biological category (male, female) Gender: cultural category (masculine, feminine) Sexuality: erotic desire, acts or identitites Intersex Newborns (1.7%-4% of newborns are intersexed) Conventional Western Medical approach: Viewed as genital abnormality or ambiguity Treatment: Reparative surgery (pg.15); physicians completing nature’s intent Personal Outcome: assignment to male or female sex category Social Outcome: reinforces binary two-sex categories Emergent approach: Viewed as part of the normal spectrum of biological diversity New Treatment protocol: emergent (pg.16) Personal Outcome: ? Social Outcome: challenge to binary thinking: gender as a “multidimensional  space” (pg.16) Extra Credit Opportunity Sign in on swms 210 sign up sheet at event
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Write two or three paragraphs, summarizing the main points of the show, and  your reaction to it Friday September 11 5pm  Senior show by  Robin hextrum Linhurst gallery Watt hall, usc campus September 8 th  – September 16th Bodies that don’t or wont fit binary sex categories 1. intersexual infants 2. public misattribution 3. transgender people Public misattribution Discordant gender identity (female) and gender display (masculine) “each day, I negotiate the boundaries of gender” – Betsy Lucal Transsexual and Transgender People Fausto-Sterling (p.16) 9/14 Gender Relations: shifting meanings
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-cultural contexts -institutional contexts -historical contexts and age cohorts -bodies: creating binary categories from a “spectrum of biological diversity” -the commitment to gender differences correlates to the separation of powers  between the genders with men typically known as the more dominant gender;  power relations -adults more inclined to see how different the sexes are
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