Lecture 9 - DRI for Protein 0.8 grams of protein per kg. of...

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DRI for Protein 0.8 grams of protein per kg. of body weight Should not exceed 2x that amount daily Athletes: Not doing heavy training require between 1.0 and 1.5 gm/kg of body weight. Heavy training = up to 2.0 gm/kg.
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Vegetarian Diets NTRN 201
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Why Do People Become Vegetarians? “Today, 1 in 40 adults in the U.S. is a vegetarian.” -pg. 223 in text
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http://www.vrg.or g/journal/vj2006is sue4/vj2006issue 4poll.htm The VRG’s 2003 poll, conducted by Harris Interactive®, found that 2.8 percent of the U.S. adult population was vegetarian .
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Reasons for Becoming a Voluntary Vegetarian Ethics
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Ecological reasons
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Amounts of Fuel Required to Feed People Eating at Different Levels on the Food Chain West Publishing Company
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Philosophical reasons World Hunger
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Religious reasons Examples: Seventh Day Adventists Christian Vegetarian Association
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Health
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Cost
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Understanding Nutrition, Wiley
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A Brief History The “Father of Vegetarianism” was Pythagoras.
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Many of the world’s greatest philosophers and intellects refused meat
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Terms Used to Describe Vegetarians Vegan or Strict Vegetarian Fruitarian Lacto-ovo Vegetarian Lacto-Vegetarian Ovo-Vegetarian Partial Vegetarian Pesco-Vegetarian Macrobiotic diet follower
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Values Continuum: Vegetarian/Non-Vegetarian Alternatives
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Benefits to a Vegetarian Diet Scientific data suggests that there is a positive relationship between vegetarian diets and risk reduction for several chronic degenerative diseases and conditions, including obesity, coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and some types of cancer .” Phytochemicals [plant chemicals]
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Vegetarian diets can meet all the recommendations for nutrients. The key is to consume a variety of foods and the right amount of foods to meet your calorie needs.
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Nutrients to focus on for vegetarians: Protein Protein needs can easily be met by eating a variety of plant- based foods. Combining different protein sources in the same meal is not necessary. Sources of protein for vegetarians include beans, nuts, nut butters, peas, & soy products (tofu, tempeh, veggie burgers). Milk products and eggs are also good protein sources for lacto- ovo vegetarians.
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Nutrients to focus on for vegetarians: Iron Iron functions primarily as a carrier of oxygen in the blood. It also helps with immune function and cognitive development. Iron sources for vegetarians included: Vitamin C helps absorb the iron.
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vegetarians: Calcium Calcium is used for building bones and teeth and in maintaining bone strength. Sources of calcium for vegetarians include: Milk products are excellent calcium sources for lacto vegetarians. Vegans: may need to consider a supplement.
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2011 for the course EMSE 103 taught by Professor Ggh during the Spring '10 term at Case Western.

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Lecture 9 - DRI for Protein 0.8 grams of protein per kg. of...

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