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Unformatted text preview: Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development Moral Learning Object for INSYS 448 By Becca Pangborn In this tutorial, you will… In Learn Kohlberg’s Learn seven stages of moral development development Explore how to apply Explore this theory to William Golding’s novel Lord of the Flies the Explore the Explore relationship of these stages to your life experience experience Proceed through the tutorial by clicking on the following links: clicking What’s this all about? Learn Kohlberg’s Seven Stages Progress Activity Play the Moral Development Gam Ga Final Assessment What’s this all about? What’s Visit the following link Visit and read ONLY the first section entitled “The Heinz Dilemma,” thinking about the italicized questions as you read you http://www.vtaide. com/png/Kohlberg. htm Kohlberg’s Seven Stages Kohlberg’s Click on the links to learn about each stage Pre-Conventional Moral Development Stage 0 Stage 1 Stage 2 Conventional Moral Development Stage 3 Stage 4 Post-Conventional Moral Development Stage 5 Stage 6 BACK Stage 7 (BACK TO FINAL ASSESSMENT) Information from these pages was copied from a school Information handout, author unknown. handout, Stage 0 Stage At this stage, the individual: Avoids pain and seeks pleasure Has no sense of obligation to anyone else Is self-absorbed (unaware or anyone’s needs Is other than those that are self-serving) other Does what he/she wants to do Is amoral Is totally egocentric in assuming that the world Is revolves around his/her needs and desires revolves Has thus no sense of cause-effect Is typically between the ages of 0-7 BACK Is BACK Stage 1 Stage At this stage, the individual: Obeys rules in order to avoid punishment Determines a sense of right and wrong by what is Determines punished and what is not punished punished Obeys superior authority and allows that authority Obeys to make the rules, especially if that authority has the power to inflict pain the Is responsive to rules that will affect his/her Is physical well-being physical Is usually over the age of 7 BACK BACK Stage 2 Stage At this stage, the individual: Is motivated by vengeance or “an eye for an eye” Is philosophy philosophy Is self-absorbed while assuming that he/she is Is generous generous Believes in equal sharing in that everyone gets the Believes same, regardless of need same, Believes that the end justifies the means Will do a favor only to get a favor Expects to be rewarded for every non-selfish deed Expects he/she does he/she Is usually over the age of 10 BACK BACK Stage 3 Stage At this stage, the individual: Finds peer approval very important Makes moral decisions on the basis of what will Makes please a limited group and make the person feel included included Thus models behavior on that of the “majority” which Thus is the behavior of the “in crowd” or peer group is Feels that intensions are as important as deeds and Feels expects others to accept intentions or promises in place of deeds place Begins to put himself/herself in another’s shoes and Begins think from another perspective think May continue to be in this stage until him/her has May reached the 20s in age reached Stage 4 Stage At this stage, the individual: Continues past actions and behaviors in tradition Continues since the maintenance of law and order is supremely important supremely Is a duty doer who believes in rigid rules that Is should not be changed should Respects authority and obeys it without question Supports the rights of the majority or majority rule Supports without concern for those in the minority without Is part of about 80% of the population that does Is not progress past stage 4 not BACK BACK Stage 5 Stage At this stage, the individual: Is motivated by the belief in the greatest amount of Is good for the greatest number of people good Believes in contracts in which both parties Believes compromise and yet both receive benefits compromise Believes in consensus (everyone agrees), rather Believes than in majority rule than Respects the rights of the minority especially the Respects rights of the individual rights Believes that change in the law is possible but Believes only through the system only Has reached the same stage as the official Has morality of the nation BACK morality BACK At this stage, the individual: Loses the ability to compromise high principles and thus Loses may forfeit his/her life in order to uphold them may Believes that there are high moral principles than those Believes represented by social rules and customs represented Obeys these self-chosen high moral principles Is willing to accept the consequences for disobedience Is of the social rule he/she has rejected Uses only passive resistance and has no use for Uses violence in any form violence Believes in granting justice and dignity to all human Believes beings as inalienable human rights beings Respects justice for its moral nature and its legal nature Believes that the dignity of humanity is sacred and that Believes all humans have value BACK all BACK Stage 6 Stage Stage 7 Stage At this stage, the individual: Is a “seeker of justice in an unjust world” Has a cosmic perspective of life Neglects any consideration for self Focuses not on the individual but on the whole, a Focuses view of self as part of the infinite whole and not as an individual part that is significant an Thus is plagued with despair and sees a world of Thus woe that he/she is inadequate to repair woe Possesses an altruism that is difficult for the world Possesses to comprehend and consequently his/her forgiveness and compassion often runs afoul of the world’s sense of justice I.e. moral level BACK the Progress Activity Progress Print and complete this chart after thinking about the Print seven stages and submit to teacher seven Characte r Piggy Jack Ralph Simon Roger Stage (0-7) Rationale BACK Play the Moral Development Game! Game! DIRECTIONS: Play the game by clicking on this link Play http://www.dushkin.com/connectext/psy/ch03/kohlberg.mhtml http://www.dushkin.com/connectext/psy/ch03/kohlberg.mhtml Write a brief summary of your experience Write with the game and email it to your teacher ([email protected]) Final Assessment Final DIRECTIONS: Reflect on all you have learned about Reflect Kohlberg’s Moral Development Theory Kohlberg’s Consider events and decisions Consider you have made in your own life. Place yourself within one of Place Kohlberg’s Moral Development stages (To see the stages again, click here) click Write a two-page paper about Write the stage you believe you are currently in and why. Use situations and evidence from your experience to support your claim. Email your paper to your Email ...
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2011 for the course GEB 6376 taught by Professor Kest during the Spring '10 term at Hodges University.

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