Class Notes 10.30.07

Class Notes 10.30.07 - Error Theory When ordinary people...

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Ayer o Logical positivist/ non-cognitivist o Verifiability Principle Ethical statements can’t be true/ false they’re expressions of emotion o Subjectivism (cognitivism): Ethical claims are statements about the speaker’s emotions “X is wrong“ = I don’t like X “X is right“ = I like X Counterexample: Express interest in something you hold to be morally wrong “If loving you is wrong, I don’t want to be right” Paying back friend is right, but Brower may not want to do it Physician example: o Babies dying of disease where skin falls off o Doctor hated giving injection but knew he should o Describing v. Expressing Pain example: You can describe it (throb) and express it (“ouch!”) o Emotivism “X is wrong“ = expression of disliking X “X is right“ = expression of liking X Ethical Relativism o Mackie Nihilist There are no objective values
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Unformatted text preview: Error Theory When ordinary people talk of right/ wrong they mean an objective claim Moral skepticism Argument from Queerness Ethical value has to call to us/ influence us; its not inert Objective values are strange because they arent independent of our attitudes- they influence our attitudes Response of Objectivist: For something to be of value it influences our attitudes, but its value is not made such by our attitudes Metaphysical argument from Queerness Very basic nature of values If there were morally objective values, then we would have to have a special moral 6 th sense, and we dont have one Do we have to have this sense? Do we have an economic sense? A biological sense? P. 503-504 Argument from Relativity...
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