mindbodyAug31

mindbodyAug31 - Descartes and the foundations of Cognitive...

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Descartes and the foundations of Cognitive Science Tuesday, August 31 st 2010 Tuesday, August 31, 2010
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Review is roughly the position that intelligent behavior can (only) be explained by appear to internal cognitive processes. That is, rational thought in a very broad sense. Cognitivism John Haugeland The nature and plausibility of Cognitivism Behavioral and Brain Sciences (1978) 2 215-260 Tuesday, August 31, 2010
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When a man Reasoneth, hee does nothing els but conceive a summe totall, from Addition of parcels; or conceive a Remainder, from Substraction of one summe from another. .. These operations are not incident to Numbers onely , but to all manner of things that can be added together, and taken one out of another. For as Arithmeticians teach to adde and substract in Numbers; so the Geometricians teach the same in Lines, Figures (solid and super±ciall,) Angles, Proportions, Times, degrees of Swiftnesse, Force, Power, and the like; The Logicians teach the same in Consequences Of Words; adding together Two Names, to make an Af±rmation; and Two Af±rmations, to make a syllogisme; and Many syllogismes to make a Demonstration. .. Thomas Hobbes (1651) Leviathan Part 1, chapter V Tuesday, August 31, 2010
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Reason , in this sense, is nothing but Reckoning (that is, Adding and Substracting) of the Consequences of generall names agreed upon Chapter V Of Reason, and Science “Reason DeFned” Tuesday, August 31, 2010
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Mind Philosophy Psychology Computer Science Linguistics Neuroscience Tuesday, August 31, 2010
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Philosophy ahead Philosophy is different. .. it’s concerned with conceptual issues e.g. is some conceptual dilemma real or just apparent? clarifcation oF the problem itselF qualifes as an answer typically involves argumentation Far removed From empirical issues method: Formulating and critiquing arguments spot the ±aw; deFend a position against skeptical attacks; use hypothetical thought-experiments to highlight implications not a spectator sport learning a catalog oF oFfcial positions misses the point; the key action lies in evaluating and constructing arguments. try it! Tuesday, August 31, 2010
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Philosophy Psychology Computer Science Linguistics Neuroscience Mind Tuesday, August 31, 2010
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Subfelds oF philosophy epistemology an account of knowledge metaphysics concerned w/foundational aspects of being ontology what stuff out there is really real?
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mindbodyAug31 - Descartes and the foundations of Cognitive...

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