EASC150 9.8.09

EASC150 9.8.09 - East Asian Societies 9.8.09 The Genius...

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East Asian Societies 9.8.09 The Genius that was China Empires in Collision NOVA movie Beijing’s city wall- built by the Jesuits o Part of their subtle plan to convert the Asians to Christianity o Came to Asia in the early 16 th century Missionary effort to launch the catholic church o St. Frances dedicated his life to converting Asian peoples His largest prize was converting China To persuade them, Jesuit’s brought the bible and the latest inventions of Western science o The Jesuit mission confronted the Asians very different from those of the West China persistently pushed away the Western influence In 1600: China was rich, powerful, and stable o Their economy was completely self sufficient Water power drove its great industries o Chinese Porcelain was the best in the world Silk had provided an exotic luxury for the West o Chinese rich mud helped farming Confucianism was based on the Chinese family o They became the sole source of all wisdom for state way of guiding ways of life for the Chinese o Valued agriculture over all over economic forms Merchants were at the bottom of the social order Economic growth was distained o The empire was isolated because Chinese were forbidden to go abroad o The isolation was what the Jesuits wanted to breech The Church of St. Paul Created even though no priests were allowed in at the beginning o Father Mateo Ricci was the first to open the rock (this church) He recognized that Chinese civilization was oppressive He tried to talk to the government, it was a failure o Ricci realized to have impact on China, he would have to come to Beijing’s forbidden city It was of limits to foreigners His passport to Beijing was a clock The mechanical clock that was unknown to China o The Jesuits gave them as gifts to ease their passage to the capitol 1
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Used the clock to show all the technological and scientific advances the Jesuits and the Christianity culture could show Beijing/China o The Chinese water clocks at the time were not specific enough Clock making was not a central concern o Astronomy was crucial to the Chinese because what happened in the sky determined what happened each day Ricci capitalized on this interest The Jesuits drew plans for a new astronomical observatory But the Jesuit voyage ended in failure in 1705 1770: the pope disbanded the Jesuit order o Their fundamental claim of superiority was distained The transformation began with an attempt to understand the heavens o In 1543 Copernicus had the idea that the sun revolved around the earth Then came Galileo- first professional scientist Then came Newton- he wanted to demonstrate that all of nature could be described in universal laws and scientific terms He built a bridge between science and practical problems Society began to accept the great instrument makers of England o Their identity was the scientific enterprise This new vision of the world is what the Europeans tried and
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2011 for the course EASC EAST ASIAN at USC.

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EASC150 9.8.09 - East Asian Societies 9.8.09 The Genius...

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