From the textbook, do exercises
from Chapter 5
The (a) and (b) words are “animate” and “masculine” or [+animate], [+male].
The (a) words are “human” ([+human]).
The (b) words are “nonhuman” ([–human]).
The (a) words are count nouns, i.e., nouns whose possible referents are conceptualized as
The (b) words are mass nouns, i.e., nouns whose possible referents are conceptualized as
“stuff”, the constituents of which are not individuated.
The (a) words are “concrete” ([–abstract]).
The (b) words are “abstract” ([+abstract]).
The (a) and (b) words are nouns referring to plants.
The (a) words are nouns referring to trees.
The (b) words nouns referring to flowers.
The (a) words are nouns referring to writing containers, i.e., things on or in which
writing is found.
The (b) words are nouns referring to writing instruments.
The (a) and (b) words designate “motion” activities.
The (a) words designate non-vehicular motion activities.
The (b) words designate vehicular motion activities.
The (a) and (b) words designate communicative activities.
The (a) words indicate the purpose of communication.
The (b) words indicate the manner of communication.
(word derived from the initial letters of a multi-word expression
; NASA, NATO,
(an acronym for which the meaning is not widely known, such
(the name of a name-giver for a people, place, or institution:
is the eponym for the city Constantinople);
(word having the same
spelling as another but a different pronunciation and meaning;
, a kind of metal, and
the activity of a leader, are heteronyms);
(a word or expression that is coined to refer
to what was the original meaning of a word that has developed more than one meaning;
land-line phone, whole milk
are retronyms occasioned by the respective
inventions of e-mail, cell phones, low-fat milk, and digital clocks);
(a word that refers
to something that is wholly included in the possible referents of another word;
(the opposite of a hyponym;
are hypernyms of
(the original referent of word