Critical Thinking - CriticalThinking...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
    Critical Thinking Thinking is a purposeful mental activity—you  control it… Thinking is a two-sided activity—first you  produce ideas and then you evaluate them… Producing ideas widens your focus (resist the  temptation to settle for a few familiar ideas). Evaluating narrows your focus.  Sort the  ideas, identify the most reasonable ones.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
    Why critical thinking is  important Success in work depends on thinking  skills. It isn’t enough to possess knowledge  but you must be able to apply  information to your job. Critical thinking is a reliable way of  searching for the truth.
Background image of page 2
    Facts and Opinions Facts are realities; opinions are beliefs  or judgments. Opinions may fit the facts or be in error. Even the greatest experts sometimes  hold incorrect opinions. That is why research is so important in  every subject area—it confirms some  opinions and disproves others.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
    Forming Opinions Critical thinkers realize how easy it is to be  mistaken so they form their opinions with  care. They revise their opinions, even cherished  ones, whenever they prove to be in error. There is no shame in being wrong, but  problems occur when we stubbornly cling to a  mistaken view.
Background image of page 4
    Fact:  Babe Ruth was a famous  baseball player. Opinion:  Smoking should be banned in  all public places. Fact:  Camel’s hair brushes are made of  Siberian squirrel fir. Opinion:  Eyewitness testimony is  generally unreliable.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
    1) If you state a fact that is not common  knowledge, or that can’t be easily verified,  briefly state where you got your information. 2) If you state an opinion—a view others might  disagree with, include answers to questions  others might ask. 3) If you are not sure whether a statement is a  fact or an opinion, treat it as an opinion.
Background image of page 6
    Opinion versus personal  preference… Often confusing to many people. Example:  “Comic books are as instructive  about life as novels are.” When asked what evidence exists that comic  books are so instructive, they don’t have an  answer… Preferences don’t need to be defended as  long as they are expressed as preferences.   (If we express them as opinions, don’t be  surprised if others challenge them.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
  Basic Approach to Critical  Thinking Step One:  Decide what you think and  why you think it. Step Two:  Seek other views and more 
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course HUM 114 taught by Professor Lafointaine during the Winter '10 term at University of Phoenix.

Page1 / 41

Critical Thinking - CriticalThinking...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online