100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 6 pages.
Lost Colony of Roanoke Roanoke, the first English Colony in America, was founded by Sir Walter Raligh in 1584 under Queen Elizabeth I. Three groups of people were sent to the colony. The first two groups were sent to map and explore the land, but they were driven out by the local Native Americans. The third group of colonists arrived in 1587. This was the first group to bring along families with children, meaning that they were meant to start a settlement in the New World. This final expedition was led by John White, and included 17 women (including his wife and daughter), 11 children, and 90 men (Basu). When the ship arrived at the colony, a rough landing caused them to lose a lot of food and supplies. The previous settlement was completely destroyed, and they had to rebuild the colony. The colony started out as a success. White soon had a granddaughter named Virginia Dare, who was the first child born in America to English parents. When they saw that their supplies would not last them very long, they sent White back to England for more food and supplies. White made it safely back to England, but was not able to return to the colony until 1590 due to hard times in England. When he finally returned, there was no sign of any people and the colony was destroyed. There were only two hints left to where the colonists might have gone: the word “Croatoan” carved into a wooden post, and the letters “CRO” carved into a tree. There are a lot of different theories about what might have happened to the colony, furthermore I will describe details about what may have actually happened. Speculation about why they might have left and where they might have gone are that they could have had famines, diseases, or starvation. The people were not able to grow food as easily in Roanoke as they could in England (LifesBiggestQuestions, 1:35-1:40). The local Native
Americans in that area were not happy with the English because of their previous encounters with the other group of explorers, so they might have not been willing to trade food to the most recent colonists. This would have caused the colonists to have to steal food from the native tribes