Aaliyah_Tarte_-_Copy_of_Unit_13_Packet.docx.pdf - Aaliyah Tarte Unit 13 American Foreign Policy since 1970s Name Policies of Richard Nixon and Gerald

Aaliyah_Tarte_-_Copy_of_Unit_13_Packet.docx.pdf - Aaliyah...

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Unit 13: American Foreign Policy since 1970s Name: ___________________________ Policies of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford 1. _________-__________________________________________________________________ 2. ______-_____________________________________________________________________ 3. _____________-_____________________________________________________________ 4. ______-_____________________________________________________________________ NIXON (1969-1974) Foreign Policy : With Vietnam under Communist rule, Nixon took two steps regarding Communism. First, Nixon sought détente or an easing (__________) of tensions with the Soviet Union. Nixon became the first U.S. President to visit Moscow, the capital of the Soviet Union and signed an agreement known as SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty) , which called for a limit of further development of nuclear arms. Nixon also visited Communist dictator Mao Zedong and began the process of creating diplomatic relations with that China; this opened trade and eased China’s entry into the U.N. Many see this as Nixon’s greatest accomplishment as President. At the same time, Nixon helped General Pinochet overthrow socialist Salvador Allende in Chile. Domestic Policy: Perhaps the most famous event in Nixon’s presidency is the Watergate Scandal. The scandal consisted of former CIA agents breaking into the Democratic National Headquarters trying to steal important documents as well as wiretapping phones used by the Democratic Party. After being accused of the crime, Nixon plead ( ______) his innocence saying that he had nothing to do with the security breach. At the same time it was discovered that Nixon had recorded all his phone calls while in the White House. After being asked to turn over the tapes by the Supreme Court, Nixon was caught of his corruption and crimes and resigned (__________) from presidency. Document #1 FORD (1974-1977) Gerald Ford was the VP Of Nixon and immediately took over as President after the Watergate Scandal. His first move in office was pardoning Nixon, something that was very unpopular with people at the time. During this time the Middle East was gaining a foot hold in the world as one of the main exporters of oil. Ford faced problems in the Middle East with OPEC or the Organization of Petroleum Exporting ; its purpose is to create uniform policies and regulations for oil producers. During the Arab-Israeli War of 1973, the Arab members of OPEC boycotted (______________) or created an embargo against the US and other countries that traded with Israel. After the war, OPEC members continued to raise oil prices, which contributed to inflation (_____________________) in the U.S.A. Americans had to wait a long time at gas stations because of fuel and oil shortages. Smaller cars from Japan and European manufactures suddenly became more popular with Americans than big American cars like Ford, creating a loss for American businesses. Document #2 Policies of Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan 1. ___________________-___________________________________________________________ 2. _________________-_____________________________________________________________ 3. _________________-_____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. __________-___________________________________________________________________ Day 1 Day 2
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