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Unformatted text preview: 1 PHYC 40050 Environmental Physics Climate, Climate Change Nuclear Power and the Alternatives PHYC 40050 Environmental Physics PHYC 40050 Peter Lynch Meteorology & Climate Centre School of Mathematical Sciences University College Dublin Climate, Climate Change Nuclear Power and the Alternatives PHYC 40050 Environmental Physics Climate Change and Wind Energy [Based in part on PhD work of Paul Nolan] Supervisor: Peter Lynch Lecture 8 PHYC 40050 Environmental Physics Overview s Greenhouse gas emissions are having a significant effect on the Earths climate. s Globally, the 11 of the 12 warmest years on record were in the 1990s and 2000s. PHYC 40050 Environmental Physics s Temperatures in Ireland have mirrored this global trend s Changes in the wind climatology are expected s New increased target of 40% of electricity from renewable resources by 2020 s It is vital to model the impact of climate change on future wind patterns over Ireland. Overview PHYC 40050 Environmental Physics 50 year world outlook: context population stablized or declining, oil and gas running out, coal restricted, nuclear? Nearer term oil limited to transport sector Global energy demand and resources of renewables available. Wind Energy the next 50 years 2 PHYC 40050 Environmental Physics Per Capita Electricity Consumption 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 USA W Europe China India kWh/person.year PHYC 40050 Environmental Physics Carbon Emissions per Capita, Top Ten Emitting Nations, 1996 1 2 3 4 5 6 U.S. Canada Germany Russia U.K. Japan S. Korea Italy China India Compiled by Worldwatch Institute Tons Carbon per Person PHYC 40050 Environmental Physics ESTIMATED LAND WIND RESOURCES The worlds wind resources are about 53,000 TWh/year....
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- Summer '08