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2 - Anaximenes 1 Anaximenes postulates air as the arch This...

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Anaximenes 1. Anaximenes postulates air as the archê . This may seem to be a throwback to Thales, a step backward after Anaximander; but I will argue that is is not. 2. Anaximenes is offering a new world view : a. Anaximander thought of the basic stuffs and qualities of the world as opposites in conflict. b. Anaximenes had a different conception: the basic stuffs and qualities are not opposed, but different stages of a continuum. 3. Rarefaction and Condensation: Read the fragments in Plutarch ( 21 = B1), Simplicius ( 16 = A5), and Hippolytus ( 18 = A7). This is the basic picture: Fire AIR Wind Cloud Water Earth Stone The green arrow represents condensation; the blue arrow represents rarefaction. Each kind of stuff in the continuum can rarefy or condense into either of its neighbors (e.g., water can rarefy into cloud, or condense into earth). As the diagram above shows, then, each kind can either condense or (eventually) rarefy into air .
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