20 - them -as, for instance, they come to be like by...

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Criticism of Theory of Forms I. A review of the essential points of the middle period Theory of Forms A. A “Two-Worlds” theory B. A Form is a “one-over-many”: There’s a Form whenever two or more things have something in common. Cf. Rep . 596a: We are in the habit of positing a single Form for each plurality of things to which we give the same name. C. Forms are paradigms D. Things participate in the Forms by being appropriately related to these paradigms (by resembling them??). E. Participation explains predication (cf. Phaedo 100c): A thing’s being equal consists in, and is explained by, its participating in Equality . In general: x ’s being F is explained by x ’s participating in F -ness. F. A good summary statement is provided at 130e-131a: There are certain forms, whose names these other things have through getting a share of
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Unformatted text preview: them -as, for instance, they come to be like by getting a share of likeness, large by getting a share of largeness, and just and beautiful by getting a share of justice and beauty. II. The self-criticism of the first part of the Parmenides A. How are these extraordinary criticisms intended to be taken? 1. As fatal objections to the Theory of Forms ? 2. As based on misunderstandings of the Theory of Forms that need to be cleared away? 3. As prima facie problems for the Theory of Forms that demand modifications of the theory? B. My view: Some combination of (2) and (3) is probably closest to the truth. Some of the objections are frivolous, but others are meant to be taken seriously....
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