31 - P redication and Ontology: T he Categories A t heory...

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The Categories A theory of ontology attempts to answer, in the most general possible terms, the question what is there? A theory of predication attempts to answer the question what is it to say something about something? This is a book about ontology and predication. 1. Ontology: The Ten Categories In the Categories , we get this list (1b25): 1. Substance 2. Quality 3. Quantity 4. Relation 5. Where 6. When 7. Position 8. Having 9. Action 10. Passion This is presumably a list of the ten fundamentally different kinds of things that there are. The first category—substance—is the most important in Aristotle’s ontology. Substances are, for Aristotle, the fundamental entities. To see why this is so, we will have to understand what Aristotle says about predication. 2. Predication 1. A subject ( hupokeimenon ) is what a statement is about. 2. A predicate ( katêgoroumenon ) is what a statement says about its subject. Examples:
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31 - P redication and Ontology: T he Categories A t heory...

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