10 - T ranscendental logic, then, consists in rules for the...

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Transcendental logic, then, consists in rules for the employment of concepts originating a priori in the understanding. Both general and transcendental logic are divided by Kant into analytic and dialectic. The more modest analytic shows how a priori concepts and the principles associated with them provide a negative criterion of truth. Truth or falsehood of cognitions is the distinction between those cognitions to which an object agrees or corresponds, and those to which one does not. For example, a principle of general logic is that of contradiction, so that any concept which is self-contradictory is thereby "false," in the sense that it does not apply to any object whatsoever. A principle of transcendental logic is that of causality, according to which no event occurs without being the consequence of a previous state of affairs and a law of nature. So a representation of an uncaused event is "false," because it conflicts with transcendental logic. Dialectic purports to give a positive criterion of truth, which Kant thought to be impossible. General logic would attempt to parlay its rules into an organon, stating exactly what truths hold. Kant gives no examples of such a procedure, but he declares that it produces nothing but illusion, producing "mere talk." Transcendental logic attempts to extend the principles of the understanding beyond experience, passing judgment even "upon objects which are not given to us, any, perhaps cannot in any way be given (A63/B88). This "hyperphysical"
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 113 taught by Professor Gerogemattey during the Winter '10 term at UC Davis.

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10 - T ranscendental logic, then, consists in rules for the...

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