12 - What is correct in the Leibnizian view was its...

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What is correct in the Leibnizian view was its anti-metaphysical stance. Space and time do not exist in and of themselves, but in some sense are the product of the way we represent things. The are ideal, though not in the sense in which Leibniz thought they are ideal (figments of the imagination). The ideality of space is its mind-dependence: it is only a condition of sensibility. Still, the Leibnizian view had its metaphysical elements. He held that bodies have real properties, their place relative to other bodies, and it is this reality which is converted into the fiction of space. Suppose two bodies switch positions with each other. Each is in a different place relative to the other, but it seems natural to say that one is in the same space as the other. Thus space is what we believe to stay the same when positions change. But there is in reality nothing that remains identical through change of position. In his early work, Kant rejected the view that all the "spatial" properties of a thing are based on its place alone. Two objects may be identical with respect to relations of place, yet have different spatial properties. The example mentioned in the last class, a right hand and a left hand, illustrate this difference. If God were to create a single hand and nothing else, that hand would have to fit equally well on either side of the human body, which is impossible. ("Concerning the Ultimate Ground of the Differentiation of Directions in Space," 1765) Kant concluded that the differences in direction (right and left, up and down,
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 113 taught by Professor Gerogemattey during the Winter '10 term at UC Davis.

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12 - What is correct in the Leibnizian view was its...

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